Modulation of nitrate reductase activity by photosynthetic electron transport chain and nitric oxide balance in the red macroalga Gracilaria chilensis (Gracilariales, Rhodophyta)
2013 (English)In: Journal of Applied Phycology, ISSN 0921-8971, E-ISSN 1573-5176, Vol. 25, no 6, 1847-1853 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Nitrate reductase (NR), a key enzyme in nitrogen metabolism, has been implicated in the production of nitric oxide (NO) in plants. The effect of photosynthetic electron transport chain inhibitors and NO scavengers or donors on NR activity of Gracilaria chilensis was studied under experimental laboratory conditions. Effective quantum yield (I broken vertical bar (PSII)) and NR activity were significantly diminished by 3-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)-1,1-dimethylurea and 2,5-dibromo-3-methyl-6-isopropyl-p-benzoquinone, two photosynthetic electron flux inhibitors of photosystem (PS) II and PSI, respectively, but not by diphenyleneiodonium, a NADPH oxidase inhibitor, indicating a direct dependence of NR activity on the PSII and PSI electron flux. Nitrate reductase activity was sensitive to a decrease or increase of NO levels when NO scavenger (2-(4-carboxyphenyl)-4,4,5,5-tetramethylimidazoline-1-oxyl-3-oxide) and NO donor (sodium nitroprusside) were added. Moreover, the addition of 8Br-cGMP, a secondary signal molecule, stimulated NR activity. These results evidence a modulation of the photosynthetic electron transport chain and NO balance on G. chilensis NR activity. This association could be linked to the crucial tight modulation of nitrogen assimilation and carbon metabolism to guarantee nitrite incorporation into organic compounds and to avoid toxicity by nitrite, reactive oxygen species, or nitric oxide in the cells. Nitric oxide showed to be an important signaling molecule regulating NR activity and cGMP could participate as secondary messenger on this regulation by phosphorylation and desphosphorylation processes.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 25, no 6, 1847-1853 p.
Gracilaria chilensis, Nitrate reductase, Nitric oxide, Photosynthetic efficiency, Physiological stress
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-97643DOI: 10.1007/s10811-013-0005-8ISI: 000326806400023OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-97643DiVA: diva2:680608