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Selektiva traditioner i grundskolans tidigare år: Lärares betoningar av kvalitéer i naturvetenskapsundervisningen
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Mathematics and Science Education. (Lärande i naturvetenskap)
2013 (Swedish)In: NorDiNa: Nordic Studies in Science Education, ISSN 1504-4556, E-ISSN 1894-1257, Vol. 9, no 1, 50-65 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this study was to elucidate the selective traditions of Swedish primary school teachers in using inquiry-based learning. Material from thirteen interviews where teachers described their own inquiry practice was used to study the selective traditions along with the qualities these traditions emphasized. Four different selective traditions were identified: the fact oriented, the activity oriented, the collaboration oriented and the community oriented traditions. Different qualities were emphasized in the different traditions, for instance regarding whether teaching and inquiry should be difficult, correct, free or fun.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 9, no 1, 50-65 p.
National Category
Didactics
Research subject
Science Education
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-97968OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-97968DiVA: diva2:681514
Available from: 2013-12-20 Created: 2013-12-20 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Undersökande arbetssätt i NO-undervisningen i grundskolans tidigare årskurser
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Undersökande arbetssätt i NO-undervisningen i grundskolans tidigare årskurser
2012 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Alternative title[en]
Inquiry practises in primary science education
Abstract [en]

This thesis deals with the use of inquiry-based approaches in primary school science. The aim is to investigate the goals and purposes that are constituted by the curriculum and by the teachers in interviews and through their teaching in the classroom. The results are used to develop conceptual tools that can be used by teachers’ in their work to support students’ learning of science when using an inquiry-based approach. The thesis is comprised of four papers. In paper one a comparative analysis is made of five Swedish national curricula for compulsory school regarding what students should learn about scientific inquiry. In paper two 20 teachers were interviewed about their own teaching using inquiry. Classroom interactions were filmed and analyzed in papers three and four, which examine how primary teachers use the various activities and purposes of the inquiry classroom to support learning progressions in science. The results of paper one show how the emphasis within and between the two goals of learning to carry out investigations and learning about the nature of science shifted and changed over time in the different curricula. Paper two describes the selective traditions and qualities that were emphasized in the teachers’ accounts of their own teaching. The results of papers three and four show how students need to be involved in the proximate and ultimate purposes of the teaching activities for progression to happen. The ultimate purposes are the scientific purposes for the lesson (as given by the teacher or by the curriculum), whereas the proximate purposes are the more student-centered purposes that through different activities should allow the students to relate their own experiences and language to the ultimate purpose. The results show the importance of proximate purposes working as ends-in-view in the sense of John Dewey, meaning that the students see the goal of the activity and that they are able to relate to their experiences and familiar language.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Institutionen för matematikämnets och naturvetenskapsämnenas didaktik, Stockholms universitet, 2012. 78 p.
Series
Doctoral thesis from the department of mathematics and science education, 7
Keyword
inquiry, primary school, curriculum, selective traditions, organizing purposes, ultimate purposes, proximate purposes, ends-in-view, principle of continuity, learning progression, science and technology for all, practical epistemology analysis
National Category
Didactics
Research subject
Science Education
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-78835 (URN)978-91-7447-552-4 (ISBN)
Public defence
2012-09-28, sal G, Arrheniuslaboratorierna, Svante Arrhenius väg 20 C, Stockholm, 13:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

At the time of the doctoral defense, the following papers were unpublished and had a status as follows: Paper 1: In press. Paper 2: Manuscript. Paper 4: Manuscript.

Available from: 2012-09-06 Created: 2012-08-14 Last updated: 2014-02-04Bibliographically approved

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