Vocative and the grammar of calls
2013 (English)In: Vocative!: Addressing between System and Performance / [ed] Barbara Sonnenhauser, Patrizia Noel Asiz Hanna, Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 2013, 219-234 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
Vocative forms appear in calls, which constitute a type of utterances; other types are statements, questions, and commands. Grammatical descriptions usually focus on sentences, the grammatical form of statements. This paper presents a sketch of the grammar of calls. The basic form of a call is a noun phrase denoting a person. Calls may include special marking to show the utterance type. There may be markers outside the noun phrase (utterance marking) or marking within the noun phrase (noun phrase marking). Some languages have one of the types and some have both. The types typically do not interfere but occur independently of each other. Utterance marking consists of special intonation or of an optional vocalic particle. Noun phrase marking may consist of suppletion, contraction or apocope of the noun, or of addition of an affix. The noun then has a special vocative form. In languages with obligatory case marking, noun marking of calls and marking of case may interfere in complex ways.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 2013. 219-234 p.
, Trends in Linguistics. Studies and Monographs [TiLSM], ISSN 1861-4302 ; 261
vocative, exclamative, typology
General Language Studies and Linguistics
Research subject General Linguistics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-98109DOI: 10.1515/9783110304176.219ISBN: 978-3-11-030389-6OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-98109DiVA: diva2:682490