First simultaneous retrievals of horizontal and vertical structures of Polar Mesospheric Clouds from Odin/OSIRIS tomography
2013 (English)In: Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, ISSN 1364-6826, Vol. 104, 213-223 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Limb-scanning satellites can provide global information about the vertical structure of Polar Mesospheric Clouds. However, information about horizontal structures usually remains limited. In eighteen days during the northern hemisphere summers of 2010 and 2011, the Odin satellite was operated in a special mesospheric mode with short limb scans limited to the altitude range of Polar Mesospheric Clouds. For Odin's Optical Spectrograph and InfraRed Imager System (OSIRIS) this provides multiple views through a given cloud volume, which forms a basis for tomographic analyses of the vertical/horizontal cloud structures. Here we present an algorithm for a tomographic analysis of mesospheric clouds based on maximum probability techniques. We also present the first simultaneously retrieved vertical and horizontal Polar Mesospheric Cloud structures. The findings show that the tomographic algorithm is able to locate detailed structures such as tilts, stratifications, or holes that cannot be analyzed by other limb, nadir, or ground-based measurements. We find a mean peak altitude of the clouds to be 83.6 km. We identify horizontal patches down to sizes of 300 km, which corresponds to a horizontal resolution that is limited by the available number of limb scans.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 104, 213-223 p.
Middle atmosphere, Noctilucent clouds, Polar Mesospheric Clouds, Tomography, Remote sensing
Meteorology and Atmospheric Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-98091DOI: 10.1016/j.jastp.2013.06.013ISI: 000327232100020OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-98091DiVA: diva2:682499