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Stockholm University, Nordic Institute for Theoretical Physics (Nordita). Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Astronomy.
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2013 (English)In: Astrophysical Journal, ISSN 0004-637X, E-ISSN 1538-4357, Vol. 778, no 1, 41Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We present results from simulations of rotating magnetized turbulent convection in spherical wedge geometry representing parts of the latitudinal and longitudinal extents of a star. Here we consider a set of runs for which the density stratification is varied, keeping the Reynolds and Coriolis numbers at similar values. In the case of weak stratification, we find quasi-steady dynamo solutions for moderate rotation and oscillatory ones with poleward migration of activity belts for more rapid rotation. For stronger stratification, the growth rate tends to become smaller. Furthermore, a transition from quasi-steady to oscillatory dynamos is found as the Coriolis number is increased, but now there is an equatorward migrating branch near the equator. The breakpoint where this happens corresponds to a rotation rate that is about three to seven times the solar value. The phase relation of the magnetic field is such that the toroidal field lags behind the radial field by about pi/2, which can be explained by an oscillatory alpha(2) dynamo caused by the sign change of the alpha-effect about the equator. We test the domain size dependence of our results for a rapidly rotating run with equatorward migration by varying the longitudinal extent of our wedge. The energy of the axisymmetric mean magnetic field decreases as the domain size increases and we find that an m = 1 mode is excited for a full 2 pi azimuthal extent, reminiscent of the field configurations deduced from observations of rapidly rotating late-type stars.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 778, no 1, 41
Keyword [en]
convection, dynamo, magnetohydrodynamics (MHD), Sun: activity, Sun: rotation, turbulence
National Category
Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-98086DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/778/1/41ISI: 000327131700041OAI: diva2:682509
Available from: 2013-12-27 Created: 2013-12-27 Last updated: 2016-07-01Bibliographically approved

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Warnecke, JörnBrandenburg, Axel
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Nordic Institute for Theoretical Physics (Nordita)Department of Astronomy
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