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Rule-breaking, crime, and entrepreneurship: A replication and extension study with 37-year longitudinal data
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology. Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stress Research Institute.
2013 (English)In: Journal of Vocational Behavior, ISSN 0001-8791, E-ISSN 1095-9084, Vol. 83, no 3, 386-396 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Is there an intimate biographical relationship between entrepreneurship and antisocial tendencies? Drawing from Zhang and Arvey's retrospective study [Zhang, Z. Sz Arvey, RD. (2009). Rule breaking in adolescence and entrepreneurial status: An empirical investigation. Journal of Business Venturing, 24(5), 436-447], which found a link between entrepreneurship status of male adults and their recalled early antisocial rule-breaking behavior in adolescence, the present study utilized prospective longitudinal data from a Swedish cohort study to clarify the connection between antisocial rule-breaking, crime, and entrepreneurship by applying a developmental perspective. Regression results, which controlled for early socioeconomic background and intellectual competencies, indeed identified early antisocial rule-breaking behavior in adolescence as a valid positive predictor of a subsequent entrepreneurial career in adulthood in men (but not in women). In contrast, registered crime (teenage crime, adult crime, and prototypical trajectories of criminal behavior) as well as rule-breaking attitude in adolescence, as a more latent form of early antisocial tendencies, were relatively unimportant in the prediction of entrepreneurship in both genders. The results are discussed with a focus on rule-breaking and agency theories of entrepreneurship, youth theories, and the importance of looking at gender differences in entrepreneurial development.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 83, no 3, 386-396 p.
Keyword [en]
Entrepreneurship, Crime, Rule-breaking, Entrepreneurial development, Adolescence
National Category
Applied Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-98079DOI: 10.1016/j.jvb.2013.06.007ISI: 000327226900018OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-98079DiVA: diva2:682775
Note

AuthorCount:4;

Available from: 2013-12-30 Created: 2013-12-27 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved

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