Rule-breaking, crime, and entrepreneurship: A replication and extension study with 37-year longitudinal data
2013 (English)In: Journal of Vocational Behavior, ISSN 0001-8791, E-ISSN 1095-9084, Vol. 83, no 3, 386-396 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Is there an intimate biographical relationship between entrepreneurship and antisocial tendencies? Drawing from Zhang and Arvey's retrospective study [Zhang, Z. Sz Arvey, RD. (2009). Rule breaking in adolescence and entrepreneurial status: An empirical investigation. Journal of Business Venturing, 24(5), 436-447], which found a link between entrepreneurship status of male adults and their recalled early antisocial rule-breaking behavior in adolescence, the present study utilized prospective longitudinal data from a Swedish cohort study to clarify the connection between antisocial rule-breaking, crime, and entrepreneurship by applying a developmental perspective. Regression results, which controlled for early socioeconomic background and intellectual competencies, indeed identified early antisocial rule-breaking behavior in adolescence as a valid positive predictor of a subsequent entrepreneurial career in adulthood in men (but not in women). In contrast, registered crime (teenage crime, adult crime, and prototypical trajectories of criminal behavior) as well as rule-breaking attitude in adolescence, as a more latent form of early antisocial tendencies, were relatively unimportant in the prediction of entrepreneurship in both genders. The results are discussed with a focus on rule-breaking and agency theories of entrepreneurship, youth theories, and the importance of looking at gender differences in entrepreneurial development.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 83, no 3, 386-396 p.
Entrepreneurship, Crime, Rule-breaking, Entrepreneurial development, Adolescence
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-98079DOI: 10.1016/j.jvb.2013.06.007ISI: 000327226900018OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-98079DiVA: diva2:682775