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Synthesis of Palladium/Helical Carbon Nanofiber Hybrid Nanostructures and Their Application for Hydrogen Peroxide and Glucose Detection
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2013 (English)In: ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, ISSN 1944-8244, Vol. 5, no 22, 12017-12022 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We report on a novel sensing platform for H2O2 and glucose based on immobilization of palladium-helical carbon nanofiber (Pd-HCNF) hybrid nanostnictures and glucose oxidase (GOx) with Nafion on a glassy carbon electrode (GCE). HCNFs were synthesized by a chemical vapor deposition process on a C-60-supported Pd catalyst. Pd-HCNF nanocomposites were prepared by a one-step reduction free method in dimethylformamide (DMF). The prepared materials were characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and Raman spectroscopy. The Nafion/Pd-HCNF/GCE sensor exhibits excellent electrocatalytic sensitivity toward H2O2 (315 mA M-1 cm(-2)) as probed by cyclic voltammetry (CV) and chronoamperometry. We show that Pd-HCNF-modified electrodes significantly reduce the overpotential and enhance the electron transfer rate. A linear range from 5.0 mu M to 2.1 mM with a detection limit of 3.0 mu M (based on the S/N = 3) and good reproducibility were obtained. Furthermore, a sensing platform for glucose was prepared by immobilizing the Pd-HCNFs and glucose oxidase (GOx) with Nafion on a glassy carbon electrode. The resulting biosensor exhibits a good response to glucose with a wide linear range (0.06-6.0 mM) with a detection limit of 0.03 mM and a sensitivity of 13 mA M-1 cm(-2). We show that small size and homogeneous distribution of the Pd nanoparticles in combination with good conductivity and large surface area of the HCNFs lead to a H2O2 and glucose sensing platform that performs in the top range of the herein reported sensor platforms.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 5, no 22, 12017-12022 p.
Keyword [en]
hydrogen peroxide, glucose, helical carbon nanofibers, palladium, Nafion, nanoparticles, biosensors
National Category
Chemical Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-98302DOI: 10.1021/am4037383ISI: 000327812300072OAI: diva2:683889


Available from: 2014-01-07 Created: 2014-01-03 Last updated: 2014-01-07Bibliographically approved

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Tai, Cheuk-Wai
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Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK)
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