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Metal-Free Synthesis of Aryl Ethers in Water
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
2013 (English)In: Organic Letters, ISSN 1523-7060, E-ISSN 1523-7052, Vol. 15, no 23, 6070-6073 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The first arylation of allylic and benzylic alcohols with diaryliodonium salts is reported. The reaction yields alkyl aryl ethers under mild and metal-free conditions. Phenols are arylated to diaryl ethers in good to excellent yields. The reaction employs diaryliodonium salts and sodium hydroxide in water at low temperature, and excess amounts of the coupling partners are avoided.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 15, no 23, 6070-6073 p.
National Category
Organic Chemistry
Research subject
Organic Chemistry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-98274DOI: 10.1021/ol402960fISI: 000328231500042OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-98274DiVA: diva2:685661
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 621-2011-3608
Note

AuthorCount:3;

Available from: 2014-01-09 Created: 2014-01-03 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Metal-Free O- and C-Arylation with Diaryliodonium Salts
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Metal-Free O- and C-Arylation with Diaryliodonium Salts
2017 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis concerns the development of metal-free applications using diaryliodonium salts. The first project describes an arylation protocol of allylic and benzylic alcohols in aqueous media. The method proceeds under mild conditions and the ether products were obtained in moderate to good yields. The methodology was also expanded to include arylation of phenols, giving diaryl ethers in good to excellent yields. In the second project, an arylation method that included a wider range of aliphatic alcohols was developed. The scope of accessible alkyl aryl ethers was studied and included a comparative study of phenylation and nitrophenylation of various alcohols. Finally, a formal metal-free synthesis of butoxycain was performed, illustrating the applicability of the developed method.

The third project focused on the limitations and side reactions occurring in Chapter 2 and 3. First, an approach to access symmetric diaryl ethers via arylation of hydroxide was presented. This reaction gave rise to a number of side products, which we hypothesized to originate from aryne-type intermediates. A mechanism for the formation of these side products was suggested, supported by trapping and deuterium labeling experiments.

Oxidation of the alcohol to the corresponding ketone was also observed and the mechanism of this interesting side reaction was investigated. The latter was suggested to proceed via an intramolecular oxidation without the involvement of radicals or arynes.

The fourth project covers a method to synthesize highly sterically congested alkyl aryl ethers via arylation of tertiary alcohols using diaryliodonium salts. The method displayed a broad scope of tertiary alcohols and was also suitable for fluorinated alcohols.

The final project detailed in this thesis deals with C-arylation with diaryliodonium salts, showcasing nitroalkanes as well as a nitro ester as suitable nucleophiles for metal-free arylation. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Department of Organic Chemistry, Stockholm University, 2017. 85 p.
Keyword
Hypervalent Iodine, Alkyl Aryl Ethers, Nitro Compounds, Alcohols, Diaryliodonium Salts
National Category
Organic Chemistry
Research subject
Organic Chemistry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-140944 (URN)978-91-7649-702-9 (ISBN)978-91-7649-703-6 (ISBN)
Public defence
2017-05-12, Magnélisalen, Kemiska Övningslaboratoriet, Svante Arrhenius väg 16 B, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

At the time of the doctoral defense, the following paper was unpublished and had a status as follows: Paper 3: Manuscript.

Available from: 2017-04-19 Created: 2017-03-24 Last updated: 2017-04-11Bibliographically approved

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