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Exploring ''knowings'' in human movement: The practical knowledge of pole-vaulters
Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Teaching and Learning in the Humanities (CeHum). Dalarna University, Sweden.
2014 (English)In: European Physical Education Review, ISSN 1356-336X, E-ISSN 1741-2749, Vol. 20, no 1, 72-89 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this paper is to explore and develop ways to describe what there is to know, from the perspective of the one who knows, when knowing how to carry out a complex movement. The paper will challenge the distinction between mental and physical skills, drawing on theories of tacit knowing (Polanyi, 1969), knowing how (Ryle, 1949) and knowing-in-action (Schon, 1991), together with empirical data from the context of elite sport. One assumption is that exploring knowing in movement, in this context, can contribute to developing students' movement education in physical education (PE). Pole-vaulting provides examples of what there is to know, in terms of embodied capabilities possible to explicate and develop as an educational objective in PE, irrespective of the context of competitive sports. Explicating the knowing (or capabilities) involved in the capability to move, as exemplified in this study, could emphasize an educational aim concerning practical knowledge, such as knowing in movement, and not necessarily specific skills related to competitive sport activities.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 20, no 1, 72-89 p.
Keyword [en]
Practical knowledge, knowing, movements, education
National Category
Educational Sciences
Research subject
Educational Sciences in Arts and Professions
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-98921DOI: 10.1177/1356336X13496002ISI: 000330845800004OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-98921DiVA: diva2:685824
Note

AuthoCount: 1;

Available from: 2014-01-09 Created: 2014-01-09 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Ways of knowing in ways of moving: A study of the meaning of capability to move
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ways of knowing in ways of moving: A study of the meaning of capability to move
2014 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The overall aim of this thesis has been to investigate the meaning of the capability to move in order to identify and describe this capability from the perspective of the one who moves in relation to specific movements. It has been my ambition to develop ways to explicate, and thereby open up for discussion, what might form an educational goal in the context of movements and movement activities in the school subject of physical education and health (PEH).

In this study I have used a practical epistemological perspective on capability to move, a perspective that challenges the traditional distinction between mental and physical skills as well as between theoretical and practical knowledge. Movement actions, or ways of moving, are seen as expressions of knowing.

In order to explore an understanding of the knowing involved in specific ways of moving, observations of  actors’ ways of moving and their own experiences of moving were brought together. Informants from three different arenas took part: from PEH in upper secondary school, from athletics and from free-skiing.

The results of the analyses suggest it is possible to describe practitioners’ developed knowing as a number of specific ways of knowing that are in turn related to specific ways of moving. Examples of such specific ways of moving may be discerning and modifying one’s own rotational velocity and navigating one’s (bodily) awareness. Additionally, exploring learners’ pre-knowing of a movement ‘as something’ may be fruitful when planning the teaching and learning of capability to move. I have suggested that these specific ways of knowing might be regarded as educational goals in PEH.

In conducting this study, I have also had the ambition to contribute to the ongoing discussion of what ‘ability’ in the PEH context might mean. In considering specific ways of knowing in moving, the implicit and taken-for-granted meaning of ‘standards of excellence’ and ‘sports ability’can be discussed, and challenged.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Stockholm Univeristy, 2014. 159 p.
Keyword
Physical Education, capability to move, ways of knowing, knowing how, tacit knowing, Ryle, Polanyi, Schön
National Category
Learning
Research subject
Educational Sciences in Arts and Professions
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-102527 (URN)978-91-7447-843-3 (ISBN)
Public defence
2014-05-09, Nordenskiöldsalen, Geovetenskapens hus, Svante Arrhenius väg 12, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

At the time of the doctoral defense, the following papers were unpublished and had a status as follows: Paper 2: In press. Paper 4: Epub ahead of print. 

Available from: 2014-04-14 Created: 2014-04-07 Last updated: 2015-02-26Bibliographically approved

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