Coping with Job Loss: Antecedents of Job Search Behaviors Among Older Unemployed Adults
2013 (English)In: 13th European Congress of Psychology, Stockholm, Sweden, 9-12 July, 2013, 2013Conference paper, Abstract (Other academic)
A considerable amount of studies have investigated the antecedents and correlates of job search but just a few have focused on older job seekers, who show particular difficulties in finding employment after job loss. This paper builds on the expectancy-value theory and the general literature on job search and investigates individual variables that associate with job search intensity, job search effort and the intention to continue looking for a job in a sample of 178 Portuguese older adults (aged 40-64;M age=51) unemployed on average for 20 months. Multiple hierarchical regression analyses show that gender (women) and unemployment duration were negatively associated with at least one job search indicator, whereas a positive association was found for psychological distress, proactivity, job search self-efficacy, reemployment expectations and employment commitment. Additionally, a significant interaction effect was found for financial strain and perceived control over reemployment in explaining job search effort. Unexpectedly, perceived age discrimination in the labour market and perceived health status were not associated with any of the job search indicators. These findings have implications for practitioners working with unemployed individuals and contribute to a better understanding of which factors are relevant for job search among older unemployed individuals, which apparently do not substantially differ from the ones found in the literature for younger individuals.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
unemployment, senior workers, job search
Research subject Psychology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-99295OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-99295DiVA: diva2:686587
13th European Congress of Psychology, Stockholm, Sweden, 9-12 July, 2013