Submillimeter ALMA Observations of the Dense Gas in the Low-Luminosity Type-1 Active Nucleus of NGC 1097
2013 (English)In: PUBLICATIONS OF THE ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY OF JAPAN, ISSN 0004-6264, Vol. 65, no 5, UNSP 100- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
We present the first 100 pc scale view of the dense molecular gas in the central similar to 1.3 kpc of the type-1 Seyfert NGC 1097, traced by HCN (J = 4-3) and HCO+ (J = 4-3) lines afforded with ALMA band 7. This galaxy shows significant HCN enhancement with respect to HCO+ and CO in the low-J transitions, which seems to be a common characteristic in AGN environments. Using the ALMA data, we consider the characteristics of the dense gas around this AGN, and search for the mechanism of HCN enhancement. We find a high HCN (J = 4-3) to HCO+ (J = 4-3) line ratio in the nucleus. The upper limit of the brightness temperature ratio of HCN (nu(2) = 1(1f), J = 4-3) to HCN (J = 4-3) is 0.08, which indicates that IR pumping does not significantly affect the pure rotational population in this nucleus. We also find a higher HCN (J = 4-3) to CS (J = 7-6) line ratio in NGC 1097 than in starburst galaxies, which is more than 12.7 on the brightness temperature scale. Combined with similar observations from other galaxies, we tentatively suggest that this ratio appears to be higher in AGN-host galaxies than in pure starburst ones, similar to the widely used HCN to HCO+ ratio. LTE and non-LTE modeling of the observed HCN and HCO+ lines using J = 4-3 and 1-0 data from ALMA, and J = 3-2 data from SMA, reveals a high HCN to HCO+ abundance ratio (5 <= [HCN]/[HCO+] <= 20: non-LTE analysis) in the nucleus, and that the high-J lines (J = 4-3 and 3-2) are emitted from dense (10(4.5) cm(-3) <= n(H2) <= 10(6) cm(-3)), hot (70 K <= T-kin <= 550 K) regions. Finally we propose that high-temperature chemistry is more plausible to explain the observed enhanced HCN emission in NGC 1097 than pure gas-phase PDR/XDR chemistry.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ASTRONOMICAL SOC. JAPAN , 2013. Vol. 65, no 5, UNSP 100- p.
galaxies: active, galaxies: individual (NGC 1097), galaxies: ISM, galaxies: Seyfert
Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-99144ISI: 000328300300009OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-99144DiVA: diva2:686619
Swedish Research Council; Swedish Royal Academy of Sciences' Crafoord Prize Foundation; European Commission; MEXT 20001003 2014-01-132014-01-122014-01-13Bibliographically approved