UCP1 in Brite/Beige Adipose Tissue Mitochondria Is Functionally Thermogenic
2013 (English)In: Cell Reports, ISSN 2211-1247, Vol. 5, no 5, 1196-1203 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The phenomenon of white fat browning, in which certain white adipose tissue depots significantly increase gene expression for the uncoupling protein UCP1 and thus supposedly acquire thermogenic, fat-burning properties, has attracted considerable attention. Because the mRNA increases are from very low initial levels, the metabolic relevance of the change is unclear: is the UCP1 protein thermogenically competent in these brite/beige-fat mitochondria? We found that, in mitochondria isolated from the inguinal white adipose depot of cold-acclimated mice, UCP1 protein levels almost reached those in brown-fat mitochondria. The UCP1 was thermogenically functional, in that these mitochondria exhibited UCP1-dependent thermogenesis with lipid or carbohydrate substrates with canonical guanosine diphosphate (GDP) sensitivity and loss of thermogenesis in UCP1 knockout (KO) mice. Obesogenic mouse strains had a lower thermogenic potential than obesity-resistant strains. The thermogenic density (UCP1-dependent oxygen consumption per g tissue) of inguinal white adipose tissue was maximally one-fifth of interscapular brown adipose tissue, and the total quantitative contribution of all inguinal mitochondria was maximally one-third of all interscapular brown-fat mitochondria, indicating that the classical brown adipose tissue depots would still predominate in thermogenesis.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 5, no 5, 1196-1203 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-99135DOI: 10.1016/j.celrep.2013.10.044ISI: 000328266400005OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-99135DiVA: diva2:686764
Swedish Research Council; European Union Collaborative Project DIABAT; Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation; Stockholm University Academic Initiative of Stockholm University2014-01-132014-01-122014-01-13Bibliographically approved