Latent benefits, environmental vitamins, and well being in a sample of older adults
2013 (English)In: Forum för arbetslivsforskning (FALF) - Changes in Working Life: Individual, Organizational, and Methodological Perspectives, Stockholm, Sweden, June 17-19, 2013, 2013Conference paper, Poster (Other academic)
This study aims to better understand the relations between the perceived quality of the psychosocial environment and psychological well-being in older adults by combining two theoretical frameworks – the latent deprivation model and the vitamin model. Methods: A cross-sectional study design was applied. The sample comprised 300 Portuguese adults (between 40 and 65), grouped as employed (n=91), unemployed engaged in training (n=76), and unemployed not in training (n=133). The three groups of participants were first compared in their well-being and perceived access to features present in the latent deprivation and the vitamin models. The associations between these features and psychological well-being were then investigated in the combined sample. Results: In general, the employed reported better well-being than the other groups, and the unemployed in training showed lower distress than those not in training. As expected, the unemployed not in training perceived the lowest access to some of the latent benefits of employment and “vitamins.” Features from both the latent deprivation model (primarily social contact and collective purpose) and the vitamin model (primarily opportunity for skills use and environmental clarity) were found to be significantly related to well-being in the combined sample. Conclusion: The results highlight the merit of taking both the latent deprivation model and the vitamin model into account to better understand the well-being of older individuals and may be useful for the design of interventions aiming to enhance well-being and overcome some of the negative aspects of unemployment.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
unemployed adults, well-being, payment, latent benefits
Research subject Psychology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-99417OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-99417DiVA: diva2:686922
Forum för arbetslivsforskning (FALF) - Changes in Working Life: Individual, Organizational, and Methodological Perspectives, Stockholm, Sweden, June 17-19, 2013.