Are we looking in the wrong direction?: Cross-lagged relations between organizational justice perceptions and depressive symptoms
2013 (English)Conference paper, Presentation (Other academic)
The relationship between organizational justice perceptions and employee psychological health is commonly treated as evidence of unfair treatment in organizations as a stressor that ultimately leads to reduced psychological health such as employee depression. However, this theoretical framework has recently been challenged by Lang, Bliese & Lang (2011) who found support for a reversed causal effect whereby depressive symptoms influence perceptions of organizational justice. To test this alternative hypothesis, the present study (N=569) use longitudinal data to test the lagged effects between organizational justice perceptions (i.e., pay justice) and depressive symptoms, using structural equation modeling. Preliminary analyses of data support the hypothesis that depression has a causal effect on perception of justice in organizations. The reversed effect of justice perceptions on depressive symptoms, was not significant. Although the lagged effect was not strong, the results indicate that employees who show depressive symptoms at work, are treated unfairly by managers, or that depressive employees feel unfairly treated by both employees and managers, regardless of objective reality.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
individualized pay, depression, cross-lagged analysis
Research subject Psychology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-99419OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-99419DiVA: diva2:686926
Forum för arbetslivsforskning (FALF) - Changes in Working Life: Individual, Organizational, and Methodological Perspectives, Stockholm, Sweden, June 17-19, 2013