Modelling parent-child interaction (MINT): components of audio visual cues and their consequences for language acquisition
2013 (English)In: XIII Nordiska Barnspråkssymposiet, 8 - 9 November 2013, Stockholm, Sweden., 2013Conference paper, Abstract (Refereed)
This paper presents an electroencephalography/event-related potential (EEG/ERP) study on perception of audio-visual cues in speech communication. Speech communication is known to be influenced by the presence of simultaneous articulatory gestures and other co-speech gestures. For example, hands are often used to keep the beat/rhythm of speech. Also perception in children with substantial experience of the fundamental components of speech, gestures and social-emotional behaviors, is known to be facilitated by articulatory and/or other gesture-cues in parent-child interaction. Opposed to earlier research performed as observations of the speech-gesture relationship in interactional behavior, the current study focuses on the neural mechanisms and cognitive processes that may underlie these behaviors. The current study is part of the recently started project “Modelling parent-child interaction (MINT)”, financed by the Marcus and Amalia Wallenberg Foundation. The project’s theoretical starting point lays within the connectionist tradition that views language acquisition as an emergent consequence of the interplay between the infant and the ambient linguistic environment, including sensory information of all modalities. To approach one of the sub goals of the project; to explain how audio-visual cues are perceived in infancy, the current paper reports on an EEG/ERP pilot study with adults. The subjects were presented congruent versus incongruent audio-visual pairings, for example acoustic information matching versus not matching the articulation shown. The results are discussed in the light of their potential contribution to better understand resource allocation while speaking and for clinicians/teachers to better identify and further develop treatments for children with developmental disorders.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Humanities General Language Studies and Linguistics
Research subject Phonetics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-99515OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-99515DiVA: diva2:687162
XIII Nordiska Barnspråkssymposiet, 8 - 9 November 2013, Stockholm, Sweden.
ProjectsModelling parent-child interaction (MINT) Marcus och Amalia Wallenberg
FunderMarcus and Amalia Wallenberg Foundation, MAW 2011.007