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Interactions in Hazard Management Policies: the Case of Drought in Nicaragua, 1976-2010
Stockholm University, Stockholm Environment Institute.
2015 (English)In: Disasters. The Journal of Disaster Studies, Policy and Management, ISSN 0361-3666, E-ISSN 1467-7717, Vol. 39, no 4, 715-737 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The literature on adaptive and multi-level governance calls for interactive hazard management to increase societies’ resilience. This paper maps the hazard management policies in a poor and hazard-prone country—Nicaragua—and examines what role the government gives to interactions among different actors at different societal levels. A new analytical framework is developed that includes scope and direction to capture unidirectional or mutual interactions that are either horizontal or vertical. This enables a more complex analysis of interactions than that found in previous research. The review shows that the historical change in the role given to interactions, as a result of a focus on short-term emergency response being complemented by long-term risk management, mainly lies in how they are characterised—with more participants and other types of content categories—and the awareness that interactions other than mutual ones can be positive. This illustrates the complexity of the issue of interactions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 39, no 4, 715-737 p.
Keyword [en]
drought, hazard management, interactions, Nicaragua, resilience, vulnerability
National Category
Economic History
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-99612DOI: 10.1111/disa.12121OAI: diva2:687365
Available from: 2014-01-14 Created: 2014-01-14 Last updated: 2016-04-15Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Culture and Capacity: Drought and Gender Differentiated Vulnerability of Rural Poor in Nicaragua, 1970-2010
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Culture and Capacity: Drought and Gender Differentiated Vulnerability of Rural Poor in Nicaragua, 1970-2010
2014 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This dissertation interprets gender-differentiated vulnerability to drought within a rural community located in the dry zone, la zona seca, of Nicaragua, a region that has been identified by the government and NGO sector as suffering from prolonged and, since the 1970s, more frequent droughts.  A combination of gender, capitals, and vulnerability demonstrates the value in using a multidimensional perspective to look at the socioeconomic and cultural contexts that form the capacity individuals have had to reduce their long-term vulnerability to drought in Nicaragua.  Due to the place-based characteristics of gender as well as vulnerability the analysis is mainly based on people’s stories about the history of their lives.  Based on these stories a local level picture is created of the households’ situation over time, how their work strategies and management of resources have varied, and how they perceived changes in capacity and vulnerability in relation to continuity and change in the climate.  The issue of adaptive capacity, which currently is less covered in research on gender and vulnerability and recognized in the literature as in need of more attention, and how it distinguishes itself from coping capacity in relation to vulnerability, is placed at the center of analysis.  In an additional analysis of how Nicaragua’s hazard management policies look upon the role and importance of interaction among societal levels and actors in reducing hazard vulnerability I show how the discourse has moved from emergency response to risk management with an increased emphasis on capacity building.  However, the recognition to differentiated vulnerability is lacking which risks hampering a successful vulnerability reduction.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Acta Universitatis Stockholmiensis, 2014. 131 p.
Stockholm studies in economic history, ISSN 0346-8305 ; 62
Nicaragua, Gender, Vulnerability, Adaptive capacity, Drought
National Category
Economic History
Research subject
Economic History
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-99622 (URN)978-91-87235-70-2 (ISBN)978-91-87235-69-6 (ISBN)
Public defence
2014-02-21, sal 610, Frescati Backe, Svante Arrhenius väg 21 A, Stockholm, 10:00 (Swedish)
Sida - Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency

At the time of the doctoral defense, the following papers were unpublished and had a status as follows: Paper 2: Accepted. Paper 3: Manuscript.

Available from: 2014-01-30 Created: 2014-01-14 Last updated: 2016-05-27Bibliographically approved

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Segnestam, Lisa
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