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Culture and Capacity: Drought and Gender Differentiated Vulnerability of Rural Poor in Nicaragua, 1970-2010
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
2014 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This dissertation interprets gender-differentiated vulnerability to drought within a rural community located in the dry zone, la zona seca, of Nicaragua, a region that has been identified by the government and NGO sector as suffering from prolonged and, since the 1970s, more frequent droughts.  A combination of gender, capitals, and vulnerability demonstrates the value in using a multidimensional perspective to look at the socioeconomic and cultural contexts that form the capacity individuals have had to reduce their long-term vulnerability to drought in Nicaragua.  Due to the place-based characteristics of gender as well as vulnerability the analysis is mainly based on people’s stories about the history of their lives.  Based on these stories a local level picture is created of the households’ situation over time, how their work strategies and management of resources have varied, and how they perceived changes in capacity and vulnerability in relation to continuity and change in the climate.  The issue of adaptive capacity, which currently is less covered in research on gender and vulnerability and recognized in the literature as in need of more attention, and how it distinguishes itself from coping capacity in relation to vulnerability, is placed at the center of analysis.  In an additional analysis of how Nicaragua’s hazard management policies look upon the role and importance of interaction among societal levels and actors in reducing hazard vulnerability I show how the discourse has moved from emergency response to risk management with an increased emphasis on capacity building.  However, the recognition to differentiated vulnerability is lacking which risks hampering a successful vulnerability reduction.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Acta Universitatis Stockholmiensis, 2014. , 131 p.
Series
Stockholm studies in economic history, ISSN 0346-8305 ; 62
Keyword [en]
Nicaragua, Gender, Vulnerability, Adaptive capacity, Drought
National Category
Economic History
Research subject
Economic History
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-99622ISBN: 978-91-87235-70-2 (print)ISBN: 978-91-87235-69-6 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-99622DiVA: diva2:687418
Public defence
2014-02-21, sal 610, Frescati Backe, Svante Arrhenius väg 21 A, Stockholm, 10:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Funder
Sida - Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency
Note

At the time of the doctoral defense, the following papers were unpublished and had a status as follows: Paper 2: Accepted. Paper 3: Manuscript.

Available from: 2014-01-30 Created: 2014-01-14 Last updated: 2016-05-27Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Division of Capitals - What Role Does It Play for Gender-Differentiated
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Division of Capitals - What Role Does It Play for Gender-Differentiated
2009 (English)In: Community Development. Journal of the Community Development Society, ISSN 1557-5330, Vol. 40, no 2, 154-176 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article explores the gender differentiation of vulnerability to the drought situation within a rural community in the dry zone of Nicaragua. Case study work demonstrates that women and men use different strategies to cope with drought in the short term, and to adapt to the recurring El Niño induced events in the longer term. These strategies combined constitute the livelihoods of the rural poor in the dry zone of Nicaragua—livelihoods that change at times of drought to reduce its impacts. The article uses the Community Capitals Framework (CCF) to look at what resources women and men in the case study area have lost and to analyze what capitals are most central for the coping and adaptation capacity. A gender perspective is applied to see what difference in access to capitals between men and women exist and what that means in terms of gender-differentiated vulnerability to drought.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Philadelphia: Routledge Taylor & Francis Group, 2009
Keyword
capacity, community capitals framework, drought, gender-differentiated, vulnerability, Nicaragua
National Category
Economic History
Research subject
Natural Resources Management
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-29291 (URN)10.1080/15575330903001562 (DOI)
Available from: 2009-08-20 Created: 2009-08-20 Last updated: 2014-01-14Bibliographically approved
2. Interactions in Hazard Management Policies: the Case of Drought in Nicaragua, 1976-2010
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Interactions in Hazard Management Policies: the Case of Drought in Nicaragua, 1976-2010
2015 (English)In: Disasters. The Journal of Disaster Studies, Policy and Management, ISSN 0361-3666, E-ISSN 1467-7717, Vol. 39, no 4, 715-737 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The literature on adaptive and multi-level governance calls for interactive hazard management to increase societies’ resilience. This paper maps the hazard management policies in a poor and hazard-prone country—Nicaragua—and examines what role the government gives to interactions among different actors at different societal levels. A new analytical framework is developed that includes scope and direction to capture unidirectional or mutual interactions that are either horizontal or vertical. This enables a more complex analysis of interactions than that found in previous research. The review shows that the historical change in the role given to interactions, as a result of a focus on short-term emergency response being complemented by long-term risk management, mainly lies in how they are characterised—with more participants and other types of content categories—and the awareness that interactions other than mutual ones can be positive. This illustrates the complexity of the issue of interactions.

Keyword
drought, hazard management, interactions, Nicaragua, resilience, vulnerability
National Category
Economic History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-99612 (URN)10.1111/disa.12121 (DOI)
Available from: 2014-01-14 Created: 2014-01-14 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
3. Gendered Experiences of Adaptation to Drought - Patterns of Change in El Sauce, Nicaragua
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Gendered Experiences of Adaptation to Drought - Patterns of Change in El Sauce, Nicaragua
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
National Category
Economic History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-99621 (URN)
Available from: 2014-01-14 Created: 2014-01-14 Last updated: 2014-01-14Bibliographically approved

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