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Is It Really Tolerance? Expanding the Knowledge About Diversity for the Creative Class
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
2014 (English)In: Tijdschrift voor economische en sociale geografie, ISSN 0040-747X, E-ISSN 1467-9663, Vol. 105, no 1, p. 46-63Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Among current theories on regional development the creative capital has received major attention. Several assessments of the theory have shown that tolerance and creativity cannot be ignored. However, as the focus in these assessments mainly has been to replicate the results of Richard Florida, they have put less emphasis on the issues the tolerance measures pose. This paper argues that tolerance has only been measured by diverse population and that this is insufficient. To solve this issue a variety of tolerance measures are introduced and underlying effects of other variables are tested for. Surprisingly, the only measure significant in the model is the bohemian measure. On the one hand, this renders support for the creative capital theory and suggests that attracting bohemian employees can gain economic growth. On the other hand, it problematises the tolerance concept and indicates that tolerance is hard to grasp and add to economic models.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 105, no 1, p. 46-63
Keywords [en]
Regional development, creative class, tolerance, diversity, Sweden, regression
National Category
Economics and Business Human Geography
Research subject
Human Geography
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-99640DOI: 10.1111/tesg.12044ISI: 000330777200003OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-99640DiVA, id: diva2:687715
Note

AuthorCount: 1:

Available from: 2014-01-15 Created: 2014-01-15 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Beyond Bright City Lights: The Migration Patterns of Gay Men and Lesbians
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Beyond Bright City Lights: The Migration Patterns of Gay Men and Lesbians
2014 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

One of the most persistent popular notions of gay men and lesbians is that they either live in or move to larger cities. In this thesis, the geography and migration paths of gay men and lesbians are studied using the life course perspective to challenge this idea. It is argued that gay men and lesbians are affected by the time and place into which they are born. Like heterosexuals, they are subject to the normative conceptions of life paths that are present at a specific historical period and place. Adopting a mixed-methods approach, four studies related to this aim are conducted.

The first study shows that the tendency for gay men and lesbians to be concentrated to the largest cities in Sweden is greater than for heterosexuals. However, it also shows that the concentration tendency of lesbians and couples is less strong. The second study illustrates that tolerance plays no role in the geographical concentration of gay men and lesbians. Although perceived tolerance is often assumed to matter, this study shows that measured intolerance does not have an effect on the concentration tendency. The third study explores the migration motives of gay men and lesbians living in the city of Malmö, Sweden. It shows that the life stories of older cohorts resembled typical rural-urban flight stories but that the youngest cohort stressed motives similar to the overall population. This is in sharp contrast to the fourth study, which scrutinises migration stories from Izmir, Turkey. Because legal recognition is lacking, following the same life path as heterosexuals is problematic for gay men and lesbians. Because moving out is connected to this path, they remained living at home longer or never moved. Accordingly, the family played a core role in their lives rather than the rural-urban binary.

Taken together, these four studies show that the geography and migration patterns of gay men and lesbians are more multifaceted than living in or moving to a larger city.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Department of Human Geography, Stockholm University, 2014. p. 72
Series
Meddelanden från Kulturgeografiska institutionen vid Stockholms universitet, ISSN 0585-3508 ; 146
Keywords
gay and lesbian, migration, rural/urban, tolerance, life course, Sweden, Turkey
National Category
Human Geography
Research subject
Human Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-102850 (URN)978-91-7447-920-1 (ISBN)
Public defence
2014-06-05, William-Olssonsalen, Geovetenskapens hus, Svante Arrhenius väg 14, Stockholm, 13:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

At the time of the doctoral defense, the following papers were unpublished and had a status as follows: Paper 1: In press. Paper 3: Manuscript. Paper 4: Manuscript.

Available from: 2014-05-14 Created: 2014-04-23 Last updated: 2014-05-09

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