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Adapting drought: A case study of poor farmers in North-west part of Bangladesh
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical Geography and Quaternary Geology.
2013 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 80 credits / 120 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]


Bangladesh is an agrarian country and agriculture plays a major role in the country’s economy. But the country has faced recurring drought problem especially in the northern part and it is a matter of great concern whether it will be able to adopt with the recent changes because the changes are more rapid than ever in the recent history. In this context, this research tried to explore the drought impact on the farmers of the northwestern part of the country and their adaptation strategies to tackle the situation. In addition this research also tried to find a comparison in adaptation strategies among different groups of farmers. Finally, this research provided some recommendation to overcome the current situation. The study was conducted in two villages in the northwestern part of the country. Both qualitative and quantitative data collection procedures were used in the study to fulfill the study objectives. Although the major parts of the data were collected through a pre-tested questionnaire and checklist survey, other necessary data and situational information were collected by conducting Focus Group Discussion (FGD) sessions and case studies. 100 farmers in total were selected based on their land tenure to conduct the interview. The study found severe drought impact on the livelihood of landless and marginal farmers than poor and medium farmers and the impacts were much profound in non-irrigated area. Six agricultural adaptation strategies and eleven non-agricultural adaptation strategies were the main adaptation option found during the study. Farmers in non-irrigate area had a higher affiliation towards non-agricultural adaptation strategies and farmers in irrigated study area had a higher affiliation towards agricultural adaptation strategies. Therefore, adaptive capacity in irrigated study area was much higher than non-irrigated study area. Furthermore, in comparison to landless and marginal farmers, small and medium scale farmers were keener to adapt the situation with agricultural adaptation practice. Since both of the study area share same physiographic and climatic conditions, introducing effective and innovative adaptation practices through government or NGO could also improve livelihoods condition in the non-irrigated area and thereby reduce vulnerability towards agriculture and livelihood of the people living in the area.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Keyword [en]
Adaptation, Climate Change, Agricultural Adaptation
National Category
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-99680OAI: diva2:688018
Available from: 2014-01-28 Created: 2014-01-15 Last updated: 2014-01-28Bibliographically approved

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