Relative Deprivation and Sickness Absence in Sweden
2013 (English)In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 10, no 9, 3930-3953 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Background: A high prevalence of sickness absence in many countries, at a substantial societal cost, underlines the importance to understand its determining mechanisms. This study focuses on the link between relative deprivation and the probability of sickness absence. Methods: 184,000 men and women in Sweden were followed between 1982 and 2001. The sample consists of working individuals between the ages of 19 and 65. The outcome is defined as experiencing more than 14 days of sickness absence during a year. Based on the complete Swedish population, an individual's degree of relative deprivation is measured through income compared to individuals of the same age, sex, educational level and type. In accounting for the possibility that sickness absence and socioeconomic status are determined by common factors, discrete-time duration models were estimated, accounting for unobserved heterogeneity through random effects. Results: The results confirm that the failure to account for the dynamics of the individual's career biases the influence from socioeconomic characteristics. Results consistently suggest a major influence from relative deprivation, with a consistently lower risk of sickness absence among the highly educated. Conclusions: Altering individual's health behavior through education appears more efficient in reducing the reliance on sickness absence, rather than redistributive policies.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 10, no 9, 3930-3953 p.
sickness absence, Sweden, relative deprivation, duration analysis
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-99908DOI: 10.3390/ijerph10093930ISI: 000328620200009OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-99908DiVA: diva2:689413
Centre for Economic Demography; Jan Wallander and Tom Hedelius Foundation, W2010-0305:1; Swedish Council for Working Life and Social Research, 2011:1338 2014-01-202014-01-202014-01-20Bibliographically approved