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A Reynolds-averaged turbulence modelling approach to the maintenance of the Venus superrotation
Stockholm University, Nordic Institute for Theoretical Physics (Nordita).
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2013 (English)In: Geophysical and Astrophysical Fluid Dynamics, ISSN 0309-1929, Vol. 107, no 6, 614-639 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A maintenance mechanism of an approximately linear velocity profile of the Venus zonal flow or superrotation is explored, with the aid of a Reynolds-averaged turbulence modelling approach. The basic framework is similar to that of Gierasch (Meridional circulation and maintenance of the Venus atmospheric rotation. J. Atmos. Sci. 1975, 32, 1038-1044) in the sense that the mechanism is examined under a given meridional circulation. The profile mimicking the observations of the flow is initially assumed, and its maintenance mechanism in the presence of turbulence effects is investigated from a viewpoint of the suppression of energy cascade. In the present work, the turbulent viscosity is regarded as an indicator of the intensity of the cascade. A novelty of this formalism is the use of the isotropic turbulent viscosity based on a non-local time scale linked to a large-scale flow structure. The mechanism is first discussed qualitatively. On the basis of these discussions, the two-dimensional numerical simulation of the proposed model is performed, with an initially assumed superrotation, and the fast zonal flow is shown to be maintained, compared with the turbulent viscosity lacking the non-local time scale. The relationship of the present model with the current general circulation model simulation is discussed in light of a crucial role of the vertical viscosity.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 107, no 6, 614-639 p.
Keyword [en]
Superrotation, Venus, Reynolds-averaged turbulence modelling, Turbulence suppression
National Category
Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-99897DOI: 10.1080/03091929.2013.803546ISI: 000328186000002OAI: diva2:690423


Available from: 2014-01-23 Created: 2014-01-20 Last updated: 2014-01-23Bibliographically approved

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