Traceability of stocked eels - the Swedish approach
2014 (English)In: Ecology of Freshwater Fish, ISSN 0906-6691, E-ISSN 1600-0633, Vol. 23, no 1, 33-39 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Stocking of eels is one of the management measures in the eel regulation (EC No 1100/2007) to recover the stock. The Swedish Eel Management Plan doubles the numbers stocked to 2.5 million eels per year. Whether stocked eels contribute to the spawning stock or not has been questioned: stocked eels might not migrate as successful as wild recruited eels. The EIFAAC/ICES Working Group on Eel (2011) recommended that all stocked eel should be marked and thereby separable from wild eel in subsequent sampling'. Since 2009, eels stocked in Sweden have been bathed in a strontium (Sr) solution, which gives a detectable mark in their otoliths. So far, 5.5 million eels have been marked in Sweden; Finland imports eels for stocking via Sweden, and these 0.6 million eels were marked by two Sr rings. We present results on marking success and recapture rates and also from marking with alizarin complexone and PIT tags in combination with Sr. If all eels stocked in the Baltic are marked, their contribution to the spawning run can be estimated. Using different combinations of marks in different regions, the relative contribution from separate stocking programmes can be evaluated. To increase the set of suitable marks, barium was tested as an additional tracer.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 23, no 1, 33-39 p.
Anguilla anguilla, stocking, otolith, marking, strontium, barium
Agricultural Science, Forestry and Fisheries Biological Sciences
Research subject Marine Ecology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-99863DOI: 10.1111/eff.12053ISI: 000328213900005OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-99863DiVA: diva2:690658