Analysis of mutant frequencies and mutation spectra in hMTH1 knockdown TK6 cells exposed to UV radiation
2013 (English)In: Mutation research, ISSN 0027-5107, E-ISSN 1873-135X, Vol. 751, 8-14 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Ultraviolet radiation is a highly mutagenic agent that damages the DNA by the formation of mutagenic photoproducts at dipyrimidine sites and by oxidative DNA damages via reactive oxygen species (ROS). ROS can also give rise to mutations via oxidation of dNTPs in the nucleotide pool, e.g. 8-oxo-dGTP and 2-OH-dATP and subsequent incorporation during DNA replication. Here we show that expression of human MutT homolog 1 (hMTH1) which sanitizes the nucleotide pool by dephosphorylating oxidized dNTPs, protects against mutagenesis induced by long wave UVA light and by UVB light but not by short wave UVC light. Mutational spectra analyses of UVA-induced mutations at the endogenous Thymidine kinase gene in human lymphoblastoid cells revealed that hMTH1 mainly protects cells from transitions at GC and AT base pairs.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 751, 8-14 p.
Ultraviolet radiation, Oxidative stress, Nucleotide pool, hMTH1, 8-Oxo-dG, 2-OH-dA
Research subject Molecular Genetics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-100126DOI: 10.1016/j.mrfmmm.2013.10.001ISI: 000328874500002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-100126DiVA: diva2:691245