Import Determinants of Organelle-Specific and Dual Targeting Peptides of Mitochondria and Chloroplasts in Arabidopsis thaliana
2014 (English)In: Molecular Plant, ISSN 1674-2052, Vol. 7, no 1, 121-136 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Most of the mitochondrial and chloroplastic proteins are synthesized in the cytosol as precursor proteins carrying an N-terminal targeting peptide (TP) directing them specifically to a correct organelle. However, there is a group of proteins that are dually targeted to mitochondria and chloroplasts using an ambiguous N-terminal dual targeting peptide (dTP). Here, we have investigated pattern properties of import determinants of organelle-specific TPs and dTPs combining mathematical multivariate data analysis (MVDA) with in vitro organellar import studies. We have used large datasets of mitochondrial and chloroplastic proteins found in organellar proteomes as well as manually selected data sets of experimentally confirmed organelle-specific TPs and dTPs from Arabidopsis thaliana. Two classes of organelle-specific TPs could be distinguished by MVDA and potential patterns or periodicity in the amino acid sequence contributing to the separation were revealed. dTPs were found to have intermediate sequence features between the organelle-specific TPs. Interestingly, introducing positively charged residues to the dTPs showed clustering towards the mitochondrial TPs in silico and resulted in inhibition of chloroplast, but not mitochondrial import in in vitro organellar import studies. These findings suggest that positive charges in the N-terminal region of TPs may function as an 'avoidance signal' for the chloroplast import.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 7, no 1, 121-136 p.
dual targeting, ambiguous targeting signal, mitochondria, chloroplast, protein import, partial least square discriminant analysis, Arabidopsis thaliana
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-100099DOI: 10.1093/mp/sst148ISI: 000329254200010OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-100099DiVA: diva2:692333