Sex differences and the own-gender bias in face recognition: a meta-analytic review
2013 (English)In: Visual cognition (Print), ISSN 1350-6285, E-ISSN 1464-0716, Vol. 21, no 9-10, 1306-1336 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
We review the literature on sex differences and the own-gender bias in face recognition. By means of a meta-analysis, we found that girls and women remember more faces than boys and men do (g=0.36), and more female faces (g=0.55), but not more male faces (g=0.08); however, when only male faces are presented, girls and women outperform boys and men (g=0.22). In addition, there is female own-gender bias (g=0.57), but not a male own-gender bias (g= − 0.03), showing that girls and women remember more female than male faces. It is argued that girls and women have an advantage in face processing and episodic memory, resulting in sex differences for faces, and that the female own-gender bias may stem from an early perceptual expertise for female faces, which may be strengthened by reciprocal interactions and psychological processes directing girls' and women's interest to other females.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Hove: Psychology Press, 2013. Vol. 21, no 9-10, 1306-1336 p.
Face recognition, own-gender bias, sex differences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-100283DOI: 10.1080/13506285.2013.823140OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-100283DiVA: diva2:692431