Adsorption kinetics for CO2 on highly selective zeolites NaKA and nano-NaKA
2013 (English)In: Applied Energy, ISSN 0306-2619, E-ISSN 1872-9118, Vol. 112, 1326-1336 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Carbon dioxide removal from flue gas via swing adsorption processes requires adsorbents with a high CO2 selectivity and capacity. These properties are particularly valuable to reduce the cost of carbon capture and storage (CCS). Zeolite NaKA was studied for its ability to selectively adsorb CO2 from flue gas, as we previously observed that zeolite NaKA, with a K+/(K+ + Na+) ratio of 17 atomic%, was highly selective towards CO2 over N-2 adsorption by tuning the size of the pore window apertures . The reduced pore apertures may, however, retard the adsorption rate of CO2. Here, we studied the kinetics of CO2 adsorption on regularly sized zeolite NaKA and on nano-sized zeolite NaKA. We used in situ infrared (IR) spectroscopy and observed that CO2 physisorbed relatively rapidly. Density functional theory (DFT) was used for quantum chemical calculations, and the results indicated that CO2 molecules bridged across two or three Na+ ions in the samples with no or very small amount of K. When more K+ ions are present the CO2 molecules no longer bridged across multiple metal ions and adopted an end-on configuration. The calculation showed a shift in the stretching vibration frequency of physisorbed CO2 as observed by IR spectroscopy. Nano-sized zeolite NaKA were synthesised and studied to improve the rate of CO2 adsorption, as the diffusion rate typically increases quadratically with decreasing particle size. Still, the CO2 adsorption rate on nano-sized zeolites NaA and NaKA did not increase significantly. For nano-sized zeolite NaA, we speculate that the absence of such an increased rate is an effect from a skin layer that had formed on the nano-sized zeolite NaA, a layer that was possibly related to intergrowths with extremely small crystals on the surface. The apparently slow adsorption kinetics of CO2 on nano-sized zeolite NaKA was more difficult to explain because it could relate to imperfections within the small crystals, remaining water, or other effects. Overall, the CO2 adsorption rates on zeolite NaKA crystals of different sizes were fast and relevant for the time scales required for adsorption based CCS processes, such as vacuum and temperature swing adsorption (VSA/TSA).
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 112, 1326-1336 p.
Carbon dioxide adsorption, Zeolite A, Adsorption kinetics, Diffusion of sorbates, NaKA
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-100667DOI: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2013.01.017ISI: 000329377800144OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-100667DiVA: diva2:695972
4th International Conference on Applied Energy (ICAE), JUL 01-04, 2012, Suzhou, PEOPLES R CHINA