In-vitro biocompatibility of CoCrMo dental alloys fabricated by selective laser melting
2014 (English)In: Dental Materials, ISSN 0109-5641, E-ISSN 1879-0097, Vol. 30, no 5, 525-534 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Objectives: Selective laser melting (SLM) is increasingly used for the fabrication of customized dental components made of metal alloys such as CoCrMo. The main aim of the present study is to elucidate the influence of the non-equilibrium microstructure obtained by SLM on corrosion susceptibility and extent of metal release (measure of biocompatibility).Methods: A multi-analytical approach has been employed by combining microscopic and bulk compositional tools with electrochemical techniques and chemical analyses of metals in biologically relevant fluids for three differently SLM fabricated CoCrMo alloys and one cast CoCrMo alloy used for comparison.Results: Rapid cooling and strong temperature gradients during laser melting resulted in the formation of a fine cellular structure with cell boundaries enriched in Mo (Co depleted), and suppression of carbide precipitation and formation of a martensitic ε (hcp) phase at the surface. These features were shown to improve the corrosion and metal release susceptibility of the SLM alloys compared with the cast alloy. Unique textures formed in the pattern of the melting pools of the three different laser melted CoCrMo alloys predominantly explain observed small, though significant, differences. The susceptibility for corrosion and metal release increased with an increased number (area) of laser melt pool boundaries.Significance: This study shows that integrative and interdisciplinary studies of microstructural characteristics, corrosion, and metal release are essential to combine and consider during the design and fabrication of CoCrMo dental components of optimal biocompatibility. The reason is that metal release from CoCrMo alloys is dependent on the fabrication procedure.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 30, no 5, 525-534 p.
Selective laser melting, additive manufacturing, CoCrMo, cobalt, chromium, protein, metal release, corrosion, microstructure
Research subject Inorganic Chemistry
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-101055DOI: 10.1016/j.dental.2014.02.008ISI: 000334585200010OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-101055DiVA: diva2:698558