Social hållbarhet och marknadskrafter i en urban kontext: En studie av hur socialt hållbar utveckling behandlas i stadsplanering påverkad av marknadsekonomi
Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Is it possible to achieve social sustainability in a context where urban design is heavily influenced by a market economy? This essay addresses potential conflicts between the pursuit of social sustainability in urban planning and the pervasive influence of the market economy. While an all-embracing definition of social sustainability may be elusive, the paper explores the implications of the aim that everyone should have equal rights and opportunities. Urban planning that is influenced by market competitions risks privileging certain types of individuals over others. To exemplify this potential conflict, I compare the planning documents for the new district of Norra Djurgårdsstaden, located in the municipality of Stockholm, to the renovation of the district of Central Hallunda, located in the municipality of Botkyrka. I am seeking to highlight how social sustainability has been implemented in urban planning and whether potential conflicts of interest may have arisen. Interviews with representatives of the municipality of Stockholm, the office for City Planning in Stockholm, the housing company Svenska Bostäder (Swedish Housing) and Ahlgren Edblom Olsson Wiklander Architects AB, as well as an analysis of relevant planning documents and policies, have constituted the main methodology of this study.
The results show that there exist widely differing views concerning what social sustainability is, and how it relates to the market economy. The planning documents for Norra Djurgårdsstaden and Central Hallunda contain many of the elements that may attract creative individuals, even though the differences between these districts and their characteristics are many. Potential conflicts may arise when the land prices in Stockholm rise further; the housing stock changes and even fewer rental units therefore become available. With sectors of the population lacking the economic wherewithal to participate in this development, there is a real risk that these become even further excluded from certain regions, such as the inner city of Stockholm.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT, SOCIAL SUSTAINABILITY, MARKET ECONOMY, URBAN PLANNING, STOCKHOLM, NORRA DJURGÅRDSSTADEN, CENTRAL GENTRIFICATION
Social Sciences Social and Economic Geography Human Geography
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-100829OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-100829DiVA: diva2:703007