A 6-hour working day: effects on well-being
2001 (English)In: Journal of Human Ergology, ISSN 0300-8134, Vol. 30, no 1/2, 197-202 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The effect of the total amount of work hours and the benefits of a shortening is frequently debated, but very little data is available. The present study compared a group (N=41) that obtained a 9h reduction of the working week (to a 6h day) with a comparison group (N=22) that retained normal work hours. Both groups were constituted of mainly female health care and day care nursery personnel. The experimental group retained full pay and extra personnel were employed to compensate for loss of hours. Questionnaire data were obtained before and 1 year after the change. The data were analyzed using two-factor ANOVA with the interaction of year*group for social factors, sleep quality, mental fatigue, and heart/respiratory complaints, and attitude to work hours. In all cases the experimental group improved whereas the control group did not change. It was concluded that shortened work hours have clear social effects and moderate effects on well-being.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Tokyo: Human Ergology Research Association , 2001. Vol. 30, no 1/2, 197-202 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-101409OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-101409DiVA: diva2:703574