The Effects of Piracy on a Neighbor Country. Kenya: A Case Study.
Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
The fall of the former president of Somalia, Siad Barre, in 1991 marked the beginning of an era of civil war and extreme poverty for the country. One of the outcomes was an unprecedented increase of piracy.
The piracy problem off the Somali coast increased in both extent and frequency. By 2010 the Somali piracy posed a threat to seafarers in a large area of the Indian Ocean and became known in world media.
This study consists of four journalistic reportages with connections to the piracy problem, with a focus on the effects of the Somali piracy on the neighbor country Kenya. The aim is to cover aspects of the piracy problem which have not yet been thoroughly investigated by the media.
The reportages have been conducted in the following fields: the compliance of the human rights regulations for captured Somali pirates in Kenya; the situation for Kenyan fishermen operating close to the Somali border; the effects of piracy on the Kenyan tourism sector; the effects of piracy on the Kenyan real estate market.
The decrease of piracy attacks in 2012 in the Indian Ocean has been attributed to a number of factors - one is the international effort against piracy in the area, which has led to the arrest of several hundreds of pirates.
Many of the arrested pirates were apprehended by the European Naval Forces and transferred to Kenya. Several NGO's have documented violations of human rights for persons of Somali origin in Kenya, and criticized the long time suspects spend on remand.
The surge of piracy has affected the lives of the Kenyan fishermen operating close to the Somali border in terms of risks and new restrictions. The proximity of Somali piracy and kidnappings also affected the tourism sector on the Kenyan coast. This has reportedly also been the case in Nairobi, where politicians have claimed that the ransom money of the piracy fueled the real estate bubble in the city.
This study consists of journalistic interviews and observations, which were carried out in the kenyan cities Mombasa, Nairobi and Lamu, and in Sweden. The represented sources vary from inmates at the Shimo la Tewa prison, fishermen, hotel staff, diplomats, scholars and military personnel.
One of the conclusions in the study is that the handling of suspected pirates by the Kenyan justice system is not satisfactory, as the time on remand for the suspected pirates has been unlawfully long and not in accordance with human rights.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 31 p.
Piracy, Kenya, Somalia, Reportage, Investigative Journalism, Minor Field Study, Tourism, Fishing, Shimo la tewa, EU
Other Humanities not elsewhere specified
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-100689OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-100689DiVA: diva2:704069
Jerner Widestedt, Kristina, fil dr
Allern, Sigurd, professor