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Gender and competition in adolescence: task matters
Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Gender Studies.
2014 (English)In: Experimental Economics, ISSN 1386-4157, E-ISSN 1573-6938, Vol. 17, no 1, 154-172 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We look at gender differences among adolescents in Sweden in preferences for competition, altruism and risk. For competitiveness, we explore two different tasks that differ in associated stereotypes. We find no gender difference in competitiveness when comparing performance under competition to that without competition. We further find that boys and girls are equally likely to self-select into competition in a verbal task, but that boys are significantly more likely to choose to compete in a mathematical task. This gender gap diminishes and becomes non-significant when we control for actual performance, beliefs about relative performance, and risk preferences, or for beliefs only. Girls are also more altruistic and less risk taking than boys.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 17, no 1, 154-172 p.
Keyword [en]
Competitiveness, Risk preferences, Altruism, Adolescents, Gender differences, Experiment
National Category
Economics and Business
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-101732DOI: 10.1007/s10683-013-9361-0ISI: 000331223500008OAI: diva2:705659


Available from: 2014-03-17 Created: 2014-03-14 Last updated: 2014-03-17Bibliographically approved

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von Essen, Emma
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