FERMI LARGE AREA TELESCOPE DETECTION OF GRAVITATIONAL LENS DELAYED gamma-RAY FLARES FROM BLAZAR B0218+357
2014 (English)In: ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL LETTERS, ISSN 2041-8205, Vol. 782, no 2, L14- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Using data from the Fermi Large Area Telescope (LAT), we report the first clear gamma-ray measurement of a delay between flares from the gravitationally lensed images of a blazar. The delay was detected in B0218+357, a known double-image lensed system, during a period of enhanced gamma-ray activity with peak fluxes consistently observed to reach >20-50x its previous average flux. An auto-correlation function analysis identified a delay in the gamma-ray data of 11.46 +/- 0.16 days (1 sigma) that is similar to 1 day greater than previous radio measurements. Considering that it is beyond the capabilities of the LAT to spatially resolve the two images, we nevertheless decomposed individual sequences of superposing gamma-ray flares/delayed emissions. In three such similar to 8-10 day-long sequences within a similar to 4 month span, considering confusion due to overlapping flaring emission and flux measurement uncertainties, we found flux ratios consistent with similar to 1, thus systematically smaller than those from radio observations. During the first, best-defined flare, the delayed emission was detailed with a Fermi pointing, and we observed flux doubling timescales of similar to 3-6 hr implying as well extremely compact gamma-ray emitting regions.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Institute of Physics Publishing (IOPP), 2014. Vol. 782, no 2, L14- p.
galaxies: active, gamma rays: galaxies, gravitational lensing: strong, quasars: individual (B0218+357)
Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-101735DOI: 10.1088/2041-8205/782/2/L14ISI: 000331153000001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-101735DiVA: diva2:705672
Royal Swedish Academy Crafoord Foundation; Italian Ministry of Education, University and Research (MIUR) FIRB-2012-RBFR12PM1F 2014-03-172014-03-142014-03-17Bibliographically approved