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The influence of bereavement on body mass index: results from a national Swedish survey
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Health Equity Studies (CHESS).
2014 (English)In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 9, no 4, e95201- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Previous findings suggest that the loss of a family member is associated with health and mortality. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between bereavement experiences and BMI, and whether there are socio-demographic differences in this association.

Objective: To investigate the association between bereavement experiences and BMI, and whether there are sociodemographic differences in this association.

Methods: We used cross-sectional data with retrospective questions from the Swedish Level of Living Survey (LNU) of 2000, including 5,142 individuals. The bereavement experiences examined in the study include the loss of a sibling, a parent or a spouse, and time since the death of a parent. BMI (kg/m2) was calculated using self-reported measurements of weight and height. The association between bereavement and BMI was evaluated through linear regressions.

Results:  After controlling for possible confounders, most of the models detected an association between bereavement and BMI. The fully-adjusted model showed that loss of parents was associated with a 0.45 increase in BMI (SE = 0.20). The effect also seemed to be dependent on time since the loss and social class position.

Conclusions: The present study is the first to examine associations between different types of familial losses and BMI. We find an association between the death of a family member and BMI, but it appears to be related to time since the death, type of bereavement experience and social class.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 9, no 4, e95201- p.
National Category
Sociology Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-102316DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0095201ISI: 000335298200039OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-102316DiVA: diva2:709280
Available from: 2014-04-01 Created: 2014-04-01 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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  • de-DE
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