Pattern of antibodies to the Duffy binding like domain of Plasmodium falciparum antigen Pf332 in Senegalese individuals
2014 (English)In: Acta Tropica, ISSN 0001-706X, E-ISSN 1873-6254, Vol. 130, 80-87 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Acquisition of antibodies against blood stage antigens is crucial in malaria immunity and the Plasmodium falciparum antigen Pf332, which is present in close association with the infected red blood cell membrane, is one such antigen. In this study, the antibody response to a Duffy binding like fragment of Pf332, termed Pf332-DBL was investigated in sera from naturally exposed individuals living in Dielmo village, Senegal, with regard to immunoglobulin classes (IgG, IgM, IgE) and IgG subclasses (IgG1-4). While the levels of IgM, IgG, IgG1 and IgG2 only displayed a moderate trend to increase with age, Pf332-DBL specific IgG3 levels increased significantly in the older villagers. In multivariate analysis, when controlling for confounding factors, and in a linear model with a Poisson distribution, anti-Pf332-DBL IgG3 as well as the ratio of cytophilic to non cytophilic anti-Pf332-DBL antibodies were found significantly associated with a reduced risk of malaria attack. This association was also present when the IgG3:IgG1 ratio was tested. Finally, two subgroups of villagers with the same mean age, were delineated by IgG3 concentrations either lower or higher than the median value. A total of 45.2% of the individuals with low anti-Pf332-DBL-IgG3 levels but only 21.4% of the villagers in the group with high levels of such antibodies had a clinical malaria attack during a period of 3 years of continuous follow-up after the blood sampling. In conclusion, Pf332-DBL induces naturally the acquisition of antibodies, and Pf332-DBL-specific IgG3 appears to be associated with protection against malaria in this endemic setting.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 130, 80-87 p.
Pf332-DBL, Antibody response, IgG3 subclass, Immunity, Malaria attack
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-102291DOI: 10.1016/j.actatropica.2013.10.018ISI: 000331506900011OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-102291DiVA: diva2:709872