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Europium production: neutron star mergers versus core-collapse supernovae
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Astronomy. Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, The Oskar Klein Centre for Cosmo Particle Physics (OKC).
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2014 (English)In: Monthly notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, ISSN 0035-8711, E-ISSN 1365-2966, Vol. 438, no 3, 2177-2185 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We have explored the Eu production in the Milky Way by means of a very detailed chemical evolution model. In particular, we have assumed that Eu is formed in merging neutron star (or neutron star-black hole) binaries as well as in Type II supernovae. We have tested the effects of several important parameters influencing the production of Eu during the merging of two neutron stars, such as (i) the time-scale of coalescence, (ii) the Eu yields and (iii) the range of initial masses for the progenitors of the neutron stars. The yields of Eu from Type II supernovae are very uncertain, more than those from coalescing neutron stars, so we have explored several possibilities. We have compared our model results with the observed rate of coalescence of neutron stars, the solar Eu abundance, the [Eu/Fe] versus [Fe/H] relation in the solar vicinity and the [Eu/H] gradient along the Galactic disc. Our main results can be summarized as follows: (i) neutron star mergers can be entirely responsible for the production of Eu in the Galaxy if the coalescence time-scale is no longer than 1 Myr for the bulk of binary systems, the Eu yield is around 3 x 10(-7) M-circle dot and the mass range of progenitors of neutron stars is 9-50 M-circle dot; (ii) both Type II supernovae and merging neutron stars can produce the right amount of Eu if the neutron star mergers produce 2 x 10(-7) M-circle dot per system and Type II supernovae, with progenitors in the range 20-50 M-circle dot, produce yields of Eu of the order of 10(-8)-10(-9) M-circle dot; (iii) either models with only neutron stars producing Eu or mixed ones can reproduce the observed Eu abundance gradient along the Galactic disc.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 438, no 3, 2177-2185 p.
Keyword [en]
nuclear reactions, nucleosynthesis, abundances, Galaxy: abundances, Galaxy: evolution
National Category
Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-102284DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stt2350ISI: 000331877000016OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-102284DiVA: diva2:710063
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AuthorCount:5;

Available from: 2014-04-04 Created: 2014-03-31 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved

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Korobkin, OlegRosswog, Stephan
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Department of AstronomyThe Oskar Klein Centre for Cosmo Particle Physics (OKC)
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