Friendship network characteristics and psychological well-being in late adolescence: Exploring differences by gender and gender composition
2014 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, Vol. 42, no 2, 146-154 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Aims: The aim of the present study was to examine the association between friendship networks and psychological well-being among 19-year-olds. Methods: The data used was a random sample of Swedish individuals born in 1990 who answered a questionnaire in 2009-2010. Friendship networks were considered in terms of three measures of emotional support. Six statements about the individual's emotional state were used to create a summary measure of psychological well-being. Gender and gender composition were included as potentially moderating factors. The association between friendship networks and psychological well-being was analysed by means of linear regression analysis (n = 1289). Results: The results indicate that males' and females' friendship networks were similar with regard to quality and trust, whereas males' networks were characterized by less self-disclosure and a stronger preference for same-gender friendships. Gender composition did not matter for the support levels. Emotional support was associated with psychological well-being but there were gender differences: females seemed to benefit more health-wise from having high-quality (and trusting) networks. Moreover, whereas self-disclosure among males was positively linked to well-being, this was not the case among females. None of these associations were moderated by gender composition. Conclusions: In sum, friendship networks are beneficial for the psychological well-being among late adolescents, but there are some important differences according to gender.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2014. Vol. 42, no 2, 146-154 p.
Emotional support, friendship, gender differences, late adolescence, psychological well-being, social networks
Environmental Health and Occupational Health
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-102476DOI: 10.1177/1403494813510793ISI: 000331371600005OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-102476DiVA: diva2:710615
FunderSwedish Research CouncilForte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and WelfareEU, European Research Council