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Protein association of the neurotoxin and non-protein amino acid BMAA (beta-N-methylamino-L-alanine) in the liver and brain following neonatal administration in rats
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Analytical Chemistry.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Analytical Chemistry.
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2014 (English)In: Toxicology Letters, ISSN 0378-4274, E-ISSN 1879-3169, Vol. 226, no 1, 1-5 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The environmental neurotoxin beta-N-methylamino-L-alanine (BMAA) is not an amino acid that is normally found in proteins. Our previous autoradiographic study of H-3-labeled BMAA in adult mice unexpectedly revealed a tissue distribution similar to that of protein amino acids. The aim of this study was to characterize the distribution of free and protein-bound BMAA in neonatal rat tissues following a short exposure using autoradiographic imaging and ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC-MS/MS). The autoradiographic imaging of C-14-L-BMAA demonstrated a distinct uptake of radioactivity that was retained following acid extraction in tissues with a high rate of cell turnover and/or protein synthesis. The UHPLC-MS/MS analysis conclusively demonstrated a dose-dependent increase of protein-associated BMAA in neonatal rat tissues. The level of protein-associated BMAA in the liver was more than 10 times higher than that in brain regions not fully protected by the blood-brain barrier which may be due to the higher rate of protein synthesis in the liver. In conclusion, this study demonstrated that BMAA was associated with rat proteins suggesting that BMAA may be mis-incorporated into proteins. However, protein-associated BMAA seemed to be cleared over time, as none of the samples from adult rats had any detectable free or protein-associated BMAA.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2014. Vol. 226, no 1, 1-5 p.
Keyword [en]
ALS/PDC, Cyanobacteria, Autoradiography, Mass spectrometry, Misincorporation, N-(2-aminoethyl) glycine
National Category
Pharmacology and Toxicology Analytical Chemistry
Research subject
Analytical Chemistry
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-102453DOI: 10.1016/j.toxlet.2014.01.027ISI: 000332409000001OAI: diva2:710831
Swedish Research Council Formas


Available from: 2014-04-08 Created: 2014-04-07 Last updated: 2015-02-20Bibliographically approved

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Jiang, LiyingIlag, Leopold L.
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