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Educational and Occupational Careers in a Swedish Cohort
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology. Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
2014 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis includes four empirical studies investigating factors related to educational and occupational careers in a Swedish cohort born in 1953. Data from the longitudinal “Stockholm Birth Cohort study” (SBC) are used. In Studies I & II I investigate educational careers among children whose parents were interviewed as part of the SBC study. In the last two studies I focus on children’s gender-atypical occupational preferences, as an outcome (Study III) and as a factor for adult occupational attainment among women (Study IV).

Social capital, human capital and parent-child relation quality: interacting for children’s educational achievement? This study investigates the utility of social capital for children’s achievement, and if this utility interacts with human capital of the family and the quality of the parent-child relationship. Results show that social capital is directly related to children’s school grades and its utility for achievement does not depend on parents’ human capital. The utility of social capital is enhanced when combined with a very good parent-child relation.

Family resources and mid-life level of education: a longitudinal study of the mediating influence of childhood parental involvement. This study focuses on the association between parents’ socio-economic resources and children’s mid-life level of attained education. Results show that this association is mediated by parental involvement in children’s schooling. However, the effect varies across types of parental involvement. Only parents’ educational aspirations for their children have direct mediating effects on the association between parents’ socio-economic resources and children’s mid-life level of attained education.

Gender-atypical occupational preferences in childhood – findings from a Swedish cohort. This study investigates the association between parents’ socio-economic status and childhood gender-atypical occupational preferences. Results show that childhood occupational status preferences mediate the association between family socio-economic status and childhood gender-atypical occupational preferences, especially among girls.

High-status employment among women – a longitudinal study of the role of childhood occupational preferences. This study investigates the association between childhood gender-atypical occupational preferences and occupational attainment in adulthood among girls in the SBC cohort. Results show that childhood gender-atypical occupational preferences are positively associated with attainment of high status occupations in adulthood

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Department of Sociology, Stockholm University , 2014. , 25 p.
Series
Swedish Institute for Social Research, ISSN 0283-8222 ; 91
Keyword [en]
education, occupation, aspiration, stratification, longitudinal, Sweden
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-102661ISBN: 978-91-7447-912-6 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-102661DiVA: diva2:712282
Public defence
2014-05-28, hörsal 4, hus B, Universitetsvägen 10 B, Stockholm, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

At the time of the doctoral defense, the following papers were unpublished and had a status as follows: Paper 1: Epub ahead of print. Paper 2: Epub ahead of print. Paper 3: Manuscript. Paper 4: Manuscript.

Available from: 2014-05-06 Created: 2014-04-14 Last updated: 2015-02-16Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Social capital, human capital and parent-child relation quality: interacting for children's educational achievement
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Social capital, human capital and parent-child relation quality: interacting for children's educational achievement
2015 (English)In: British Journal of Sociology of Education, ISSN 0142-5692, E-ISSN 1465-3346, Vol. 36, no 7, 996-1016 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We analyse the utility of social capital for children's achievement, and if this utility interacts with family human capital and the quality of the parent-child relationship. Our focus is on parental activities directly related to children's school work. Our data stem from a Swedish cohort born in 1953 and consist of both survey and register data. We find that parents with more human capital tended to offer their children more social capital. OLS regressions show that, when present, social capital was directly related to children's grades and its utility for achievement did not depend on parents' human capital. The utility of social capital was enhanced when combined with a very good parent-child relation.

Keyword
social capital, human capital, achievement, parent-child relation
National Category
Social Psychology
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-102656 (URN)10.1080/01425692.2014.883275 (DOI)000361951400002 ()
Available from: 2014-04-14 Created: 2014-04-14 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved
2. Family resources and mid-life level of education: a longitudinal study of the mediating influence of childhood parental involvement
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Family resources and mid-life level of education: a longitudinal study of the mediating influence of childhood parental involvement
2014 (English)In: British Educational Research Journal, ISSN 0141-1926, E-ISSN 1469-3518, Vol. 40, no 3, 555-574 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper draws on the concept of parental involvement, popular among educators and policy-makers, in investigating differences in level of attained education by family background. The question is if parental involvement in children's schooling at age 14 acts as a mediator between family resources and mid-life level of attained education. Using structural equation modeling we analyze longitudinal survey and register data of a Swedish metropolitan cohort born in 1953 (n=3300). Several of the commonly used indicators of involvement are investigated, distinguishing between parents' involvement beliefs, such as educational aspirations and agreement with school curriculum, and involvement practices, such as reading children's schoolbooks and helping with homework. We find that parents' educational aspirations are an important mediator between family resources and attained level of education, while other involvement forms are related to academic performance only. We also find that parental involvement is greater in families with more resources, which leads us to warn against developments turning more responsibility for children's schooling over to parents. Unless sensitive to the diverse family contexts, this might increase the importance of family resources for children's educational outcomes.

Keyword
parental involvement, education, attainment, Sweden
National Category
Social Sciences Sociology
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-102657 (URN)10.1002/berj.3111 (DOI)000337639500008 ()
Available from: 2014-04-14 Created: 2014-04-14 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved
3. Gender-atypical occupational preferences in childhood - findings from a Swedish cohort
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Gender-atypical occupational preferences in childhood - findings from a Swedish cohort
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Keyword
Occupation; occupational preferences; aspiration; gender; Sweden
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-102658 (URN)
Available from: 2014-04-14 Created: 2014-04-14 Last updated: 2014-04-29Bibliographically approved
4. High-status employment among women - a longitudinal study of the role of childhood occupational preferences
Open this publication in new window or tab >>High-status employment among women - a longitudinal study of the role of childhood occupational preferences
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Keyword
Occupation; occupational preferences; status; gender; longitudinal; Sweden
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-102659 (URN)
Available from: 2014-04-14 Created: 2014-04-14 Last updated: 2014-04-29Bibliographically approved

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