Desirability, Values and Ideology in CNN Travel -- Discourse Analysis on Travel Stories
Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Title: Values, Desirability and Ideology in CNN Travel -- a Discourse Analysis on Travel Stories
Author: Emmi Laine
Course: Journalistikvetenskap, Kandidatkurs, H13 J Kand (Bachelor of Journalism, Fall 2013), JMK, Stockholm University, Sweden
Aim: The aim is to examine which values and ideologies CNN Travel fulfills in their stories.
Method: Qualitative discourse analysis.
Summary: This Bachelor ́s thesis asks what is desirable, which are the values of CNN Travel, the major U.S. news corporation CNN ́s online travel site. The question has been answered through a qualitative discourse analysis on 20 chosen travel stories, picked by their relevancy, diversity, and their expressive tone. Due to the limited space and the specific textual method, the analysis was restricted to the editorial texts of these stories. The chosen method was discourse analyst Norman Fairclough ́s model of evaluation, which revealed the explicit and implicit ways the media texts suggest desired characteristics. These linguistic devices took the readers ́ agreement for granted, as they imposed a shared cultural ground with common values, which is a base for a mutual understanding.
After identifying the explicit and implicit evaluations, they were organized according to some major discursive themes found in the texts, and finally analyzed in order to expose their underlying values. The results showed how these certain values brought forth certain ideologies, to some extent in keeping with recent research of tourism and travel journalism. As the study has been put into a larger context of related research, the following pages will first explain some larger concepts of discourse analysis, such as representation, cultural stereotypes, ideology and power. A cross-section from older to more contemporary theories in culture studies has been utilized; moving from Edward Said ́s postcolonial classic Orientalism, an example of cultural stereotyping, to the more recent topics of ‘promotion culture’ and consumerism, and tourism researcher John Urry ́s ideas about the consumption of places and the ‘tourist gaze.’
In the end, the study considers what kind of power does travel journalism possess over the represented tourism destinations. Finally, when questioning the travel journalists ́ legitimacy and power to represent the travel destinations, poststructuralist Michel Foucault ́s theory about the ‘regime of truth,’ as well as Antonio Gramsci ́s ideas of ‘hegemony,’ theory of dominance through consent, were discussed and confirmed.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 53 p.
CNN Travel, travel journalism, online journalism, qualitative discourse analysis, Norman Fairclough´s model of evaluation, representation, values, ideology, power, Antonio Grasmci, hegemony, Michel Foucault, the regime of truth, consumerism, John Urry, the tourist gaze, Edward Said, othering.
Media and Communications
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-102742OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-102742DiVA: diva2:713086
2014-04-04, Stockholm, Sweden, 20:27 (English)