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Comparing Distributions of Color Words: Pitfalls and Metric Choices
Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, General Linguistics.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7206-1759
2014 (English)In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 9, no 2, e89184- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Computational methods have started playing a significant role in semantic analysis. One particularly accessible area for developing good computational methods for linguistic semantics is in color naming, where perceptual dissimilarity measures provide a geometric setting for the analyses. This setting has been studied first by Berlin & Kay in 1969, and then later on by a large data collection effort: the World Color Survey (WCS). From the WCS, a dataset on color naming by 2 616 speakers of 110 different languages is made available for further research. In the analysis of color naming from WCS, however, the choice of analysis method is an important factor of the analysis. We demonstrate concrete problems with the choice of metrics made in recent analyses of WCS data, and offer approaches for dealing with the problems we can identify. Picking a metric for the space of color naming distributions that ignores perceptual distances between colors assumes a decorrelated system, where strong spatial correlations in fact exist. We can demonstrate that the corresponding issues are significantly improved when using Earth Mover's Distance, or Quadratic x-square Distance, and we can approximate these solutions with a kernel-based analysis method.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 9, no 2, e89184- p.
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics
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URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-102790DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0089184ISI: 000332385900033OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-102790DiVA: diva2:713512
Available from: 2014-04-23 Created: 2014-04-22 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved

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