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Correlation dynamics and enhanced signals for the identification of serial biomolecules and DNA bases
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2014 (English)In: Nanotechnology, ISSN 0957-4484, E-ISSN 1361-6528, Vol. 25, no 12, 125705- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Nanopore-based sequencing has demonstrated a significant potential for the development of fast, accurate, and cost-efficient fingerprinting techniques for next generation molecular detection and sequencing. We propose a specific multilayered graphene-based nanopore device architecture for the recognition of single biomolecules. Molecular detection and analysis can be accomplished through the detection of transverse currents as the molecule or DNA base translocates through the nanopore. To increase the overall signal-to-noise ratio and the accuracy, we implement a new 'multi-point cross-correlation' technique for identification of DNA bases or other molecules on the single molecular level. We demonstrate that the cross-correlations between each nanopore will greatly enhance the transverse current signal for each molecule. We implement first-principles transport calculations for DNA bases surveyed across a multilayered graphene nanopore system to illustrate the advantages of the proposed geometry. A time-series analysis of the cross-correlation functions illustrates the potential of this method for enhancing the signal-to-noise ratio. This work constitutes a significant step forward in facilitating fingerprinting of single biomolecules using solid state technology.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 25, no 12, 125705- p.
Keyword [en]
graphene nanopore, cross-correlation, tunneling conductance, electronic DNA sequencing, DFT NEGF calculation
National Category
Physical Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-102768DOI: 10.1088/0957-4484/25/12/125705ISI: 000332669300018OAI: diva2:713984


Available from: 2014-04-24 Created: 2014-04-22 Last updated: 2014-04-24Bibliographically approved

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Balatsky, Alexander V.
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Nordic Institute for Theoretical Physics (Nordita)
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