Using multiple Landsat scenes in an ensemble classifier reduces classification error in a stable nearshore environment
2014 (English)In: International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation, ISSN 0303-2434, Vol. 28, 90-101 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Medium-scale land cover maps are traditionally created on the basis of a single cloud-free satellite scene, leaving information present in other scenes unused. Using 1309 field observations and 20 cloud- and error-affected Landsat scenes covering Zanzibar Island, this study demonstrates that the use of multiple scenes can both allow complete coverage of the study area in the absence of cloud-free scenes and obtain substantially improved classification accuracy. Automated processing of individual scenes includes derivation of spectral features for use in classification, identification of clouds, shadows and the land/water boundary, and random forest-based land cover classification. An ensemble classifier is then created from the single-scene classifications by voting. The accuracy achieved by the ensemble classifier is 70.4%, compared to an average of 62.9% for the individual scenes, and the ensemble classifier achieves complete coverage of the study area while the maximum coverage for a single scene is 1209 of the 1309 field sites. Given the free availability of Landsat data, these results should encourage increased use of multiple scenes in land cover classification and reduced reliance on the traditional single-scene methodology.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 28, 90-101 p.
Remote sensing, Classification, Landsat Ensemble classifier, Random forest, Nearshore
Biological Sciences Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-102760DOI: 10.1016/j.jag.2013.11.015ISI: 000332429000009OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-102760DiVA: diva2:714089