Specific Dietary Carbohydrates Differentially Influence the Life Span and Fecundity of Drosophila melanogaster
2014 (English)In: The journals of gerontology. Series A, Biological sciences and medical sciences, ISSN 1079-5006, E-ISSN 1758-535X, Vol. 69, no 1, 3-12 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The fruit fly, Drosophila melanogaster is a broadly used model for gerontological research. Many studies are dedicated to understanding nutritional effects on ageing; however, the influence of dietary carbohydrate type and dosage is still poorly understood. We show that among three carbohydrates tested, fructose, glucose, and sucrose, the latter decreased life span by 13%-27%, being present in concentrations of 2%-20% in the diet. Life-span shortening by sucrose was accompanied by an increase in age-independent mortality. Sucrose also dramatically decreased the fecundity of the flies. The differences in life span and fecundity were determined to be unrelated to differential carbohydrate ingestion. The highest mitochondrial protein density was observed in flies fed sucrose-containing diet. However, this parameter was not affected by carbohydrate amount in the diet. Fly sensitivity to oxidative stress, induced by menadione, was increased in aged flies and was slightly affected by type and concentration of carbohydrate. In general, it has been demonstrated that sucrose, commonly used in recipes of Drosophila laboratory food, may shorten life span and lower egg-laying capability on the diets with very low protein content.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 69, no 1, 3-12 p.
Carbohydrate diet, Sucrose, Drosophila melanogaster, Life span, Fecundity
Biological Sciences Geriatrics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-102995DOI: 10.1093/gerona/glt077ISI: 000333384500002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-102995DiVA: diva2:714205