Labor Force Participation, Family Policy Change, and Second Birth Rates in South Korea
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
In recent decades, while female labor force participation rates in South Korea have increased, the country's fertility rates have dramatically declined. It has been argued that the country’s family planning program, which was first implemented in 1962, initiated the fertility plunge. This study explores the association between women’s labor force participation and second birth rates in South Korea. It also examines how the South Korean family planning program (among other factors) contributed to this relationship. By applying an event history analysis to longitudinal data from the Korea Labor and Income Panel Study (KLIPS), the study shows that second birth rates declined continuously through the 1980s. The trend began to reverse in the late 1980s, although the reversal was only temporary, and second birth rates had shifted downward again by the turn of the new century. Women with employment experience after first birth had significantly lower second birth rates than homemakers, which suggests that labor force participation after first birth signals an interruption in a woman’s reproductive career. The adjustment of the family planning program in 1989 seems to have temporarily stimulated the second birth rates of homemakers in particular.
Female labor force participation, family planning program, second births, South Korea
Research subject Demography
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-103156OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-103156DiVA: diva2:715979