Adoption, Surrogacy and Swedish Exceptionalism
2012 (English)In: Critical Race and Whiteness Studies Journal, ISSN 1838-8310, Vol. 8, no 2, 1-20 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
This article deals with the current discussion on transnational surrogacy and adoption in Sweden. The ethical problems pertaining to new assisted reproductive technologies (ART) that are now the subject of intense debate share common ground with the predicaments of transnational adoption, but this is seldom recognized. By bringing these reproductive methods together, this article sets out to discuss the decidedly intersectional character of the new reproduction, analyzed in terms of ”stratified reproduction” (Colen 1995). One parallel that this article considers is the association in Sweden of both adoption and surrogacy with the struggle for gay rights. RFSL (The Swedish Federation for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Rights) is a driving force in the present political rapprochement to surrogacy. This echoes the situation ten years ago when the opening up of Swedish adoptive legislation to same-sex couples coincided with a turbulent debate on adoption. The article examines the intersectional dynamics that characterize the Swedish context, according to which different power relations are played out against each other. Another aspect that is focused on is how the discussion on transnational adoption and surrogacy expose ”Swedish exceptionalism”, a concept designating a widespread belief of Sweden as untouched by colonial legacies, positing Swedish whiteness as innocent regarding racial matters. The television series Barn till varje pris? (Children at all Costs?, 2011) will be analyzed as a case in point. Through this example I will examine the mediational aspects of the Swedish discussion, in which film and television play key roles.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 8, no 2, 1-20 p.
Transnational surrogacy, Transnational adoption, media representations, swedish whiteness, LGBTQ-rights, stratified reproduction, media culture
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-103380OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-103380DiVA: diva2:716872
FunderSwedish Research Council, 2006-2230