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Welfare states and population health: the role of minimum income benefits for mortality
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Health Equity Studies (CHESS). Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Aging Research Center (ARC), (together with KI).
2014 (English)In: Social Science and Medicine, ISSN 0277-9536, E-ISSN 1873-5347, Vol. 112, 63-71 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The causes of cross-national differences in population health are subject for intense discussion, often focusing on the role of structural economic factors. Although population health is widely believed to reflect the living conditions in society, surprisingly few comparative studies systematically assess policy impacts of anti-poverty programs. In this paper we estimate the influence of minimum income benefits on mortality using international data on benefit levels in 18 countries 1990-2009. Included are all major non-contributory benefits that low-income households may receive. Our analyses, based on fixed effects pooled time-series regression, show that minimum income benefits improve mortality, measured in terms of age-standardized death rates and life expectancy. The results on country-level links between minimum income benefits and mortality are remarkably robust in terms of measured confounding effects.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 112, 63-71 p.
Keyword [en]
Comparative, Social assistance, Public health, Welfare states, Social epidemiology, Mortality
National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-103389DOI: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2014.04.029ISI: 000337213700007OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-103389DiVA: diva2:716989
Available from: 2014-05-13 Created: 2014-05-13 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved

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Nelson, KennethFritzell, Johan
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