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Cellular and genomic toxicity produced by UV light in Chinese hamster ovary cells
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Genetics, Microbiology and Toxicology.
2014 (English)In: Pakistan journal of pharmaceutical sciences, ISSN 1011-601X, Vol. 27, no 2, 295-301 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

UVB and UVC toxicity was detected in Chinese Hamster Ovary (CHO) cell lines AA8, UV5 and XEM2 (a V79-derived cell line expressing rat P 450 1A1). Unlike FICZ-HPLC assay that showed induction of CYP1A1 enzyme activity after 20 minutes and 2 hour UVC exposure, the EROD assay showed no difference in cytochrome P450 1A1 (CYP1A1) activity after exposure to different doses of UVB and UVC light. Different cytotoxic and mutagenic effect of photo lesions induced by UVC and UVB light was investigated with the DRAG and HPRT assays, comparing the wild type cell line AA8 and the Nucleotide Excision Repair (NER) deficient cell line UV5. DRAG assay showed a significant difference in UV induced cytotoxicity between UVC and UVB reflecting the larger energy and toxic effect of UVC along with significant difference in UV induced toxicity between AA8 and UV5 cell lines. This was further validated through the HPRT assay, which also showed a significant difference in UVC (5 J/m(2)) induced mutagenic effect between these cell lines. In addition, HPRT assay showed the mutagenic effect of photosensitizer, acetophenone. These results show that UVB and UVC generate serious damage through photo products on DNA, and might induce the metabolic activity of CYP1A1

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 27, no 2, 295-301 p.
Keyword [en]
UV light, cytotoxicity, P450 1A1, AA8, DRAG, HPRT
National Category
Biological Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-103317ISI: 000333548900015OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-103317DiVA: diva2:717160
Note

AuthorCount:4;

Available from: 2014-05-14 Created: 2014-05-12 Last updated: 2014-05-14Bibliographically approved

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