Internet-Based Screening and Brief Intervention for Illicit Drug Users: A Randomized Controlled Trial With 12-Month Follow-Up
2014 (English)In: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, ISSN 1937-1888, Vol. 75, no 2, 313-318 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Objective: This trial investigated the effects of access to an Internet-based screening and brief intervention site for illicit drug users. This article adds to previously published results from the 3- and 6-month follow-ups by extending the follow-up period to 12 months and reporting changes in substance use between the 6- and 12-month follow-ups. Method: In total, 202 Internet help-seekers with illicit drug use, 15-70 years old, were randomly assigned to either an intervention group that received Internet-based screening and brief intervention via eScreen.se or to an assessment-only control group. The primary outcome measure was the Drug Use Disorders Identification Test consumption questions (DUDIT-C) score, and secondary outcome measures were the DUDIT, Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test consumption questions (AUDIT-C), and AUDIT scores, as well as the proportion of drug abstainers and participants making a clinically significant change in their alcohol and other drug use. Results: DUDIT-C, DUDIT, AUDIT-C, and AUDIT scores remained stable between the 6- and 12-month follow-ups. However, 12 months after recruitment, 34.3% of those who used eScreen.se had changed their alcohol use to a clinically lower level compared with the 21.8% of the controls. Also, none of the eScreen.se users increased their level of alcohol use during this 12-month period, whereas 5.0% in the control group did so. Conclusions: Despite no changes in illicit drug use from the 6- to 12-month follow-up for both the intervention and control group, eScreen.se seems to be more effective than assessment only for reducing alcohol use among illicit drug users over a 12-month period.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 75, no 2, 313-318 p.
Psychology Substance Abuse
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-103315ISI: 000333657700013OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-103315DiVA: diva2:717544