Egalitarian Concerns and Population Change
2013 (English)In: Inequalities in Health: Concepts, Measures, and Ethics / [ed] Nir Eyal, Samia A. Hurst, Ole F. Norheim, and Dan Wikler, New York: Oxford University Press, 2013, 74-92 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
We usually examine our considered intuitions regarding inequality, including health inequality, by comparing populations of the same size. Likewise, the standard measures of inequality and its badness have been developed on the basis of only such comparisons. Real world policies to mitigate inequalities, however, will most often also affect the size of a population. For example, many health policies are very likely to prevent deaths and affect procreation decisions. Population control policies, such as China’s one-child policy, trivially affect population size. In addition, if we are interested in measuring the development of global inequality during the last thirty years or so, we have to take into account the great population expansion in countries such as India and China. Hence, we need to consider how to extend measures of inequality to different number cases, that is, how to take into account the complication that population numbers are often not equal between the compared alternatives. Moreover, examining different number case is a fruitful way of probing our ideas about egalitarian concerns and will reveal as yet unnoticed complexities and problems in our current conceptualization of the value of equality, or so I’ll argue.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York: Oxford University Press, 2013. 74-92 p.
, Population-level bioethics series
Measures of inequality, population change, the value of equality, future generations, egalitarianism.
Research subject Practical Philosophy
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-103532DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199931392.003.0007ISBN: 9780199931392OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-103532DiVA: diva2:718631