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Paleoenvironmental conditions for the development of calcareous nannofossil acme during the late Miocene in the eastern equatorial Pacific
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Geological Sciences.
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2014 (English)In: Paleoceanography, ISSN 0883-8305, Vol. 29, no 3, 210-222 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Repeated monospecific coccolithophore dominance intervals (acmes) of specimens belonging to the Noelaerhabdaceae familyincluding the genus Reticulofenestra and modern descendants Emiliania and Gephyrocapsaoccurred during the Neogene. Such acme was recognized during the late Miocene (similar to 8.6Ma), at a time of a major reorganization of nannofossil assemblages resulting in a worldwide temporary disappearance of larger forms of the genus Reticulofenestra (R. pseudoumbilicus) and the gradual recovery and dominance of its smaller forms (< 5 mu m). In this study we present a multiproxy investigation of late Miocene sediments from the east equatorial Pacific Integrated Ocean Drilling Program Site U1338 where small reticulofenestrid-type placoliths with a closed central areaknown as small Dictyococcites spp. (< 3 mu m)formed an acme. We report on oxygen and carbon stable isotope records of multispecies planktic calcite and alkenone-derived sea surface temperature. Our data indicate that, during this 100 kyr long acme, the east equatorial Pacific thermocline remained deep and stable. Local surface stratification state fails to explain this acme and thus contradicts the model-based hypothesis of a Southern Ocean high-latitude nutrient control of the surface waters in the east equatorial Pacific. Instead, our findings suggest that external forcing such as an extended period of low eccentricity may have created favorable conditions for the small Dictyococcites spp. growth. Key Points < list list-type=bulleted id=palo20081-list-0001> < list-item id=palo20081-li-0001> EEP thermocline deep during the late Miocene small Dictyococcites acme <list-item id=palo20081-li-0002>Low eccentricity favorable for the small Dictyococcites spp. growth

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 29, no 3, 210-222 p.
Keyword [en]
coccolithophore acme, stable isotopes, alkenones, equatorial Pacific, late Miocene, IODP site U1338
National Category
Geology Oceanography, Hydrology, Water Resources
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-103995DOI: 10.1002/2013PA002506ISI: 000334349800006OAI: diva2:720879


Available from: 2014-06-02 Created: 2014-05-27 Last updated: 2014-06-02Bibliographically approved

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Backman, Jan
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